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Depression prevention program for workers of private companies : A randomized controlled trial

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Title: Depression prevention program for workers of private companies : A randomized controlled trial
Authors: Kawaharada, Mariko Browse this author
Ueda, Izumi Browse this author
Yoshioka, Eiji Browse this author
Hirano, Michiyo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tamiko Ikeno, Tamiko Browse this author
Shindou, Yukari Browse this author
Kishi, Reiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Job Stress
Stress Management
Issue Date: 29-Mar-2013
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing
Journal Title: Open Journal of Nursing
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Start Page: 114
End Page: 121
Publisher DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.31015
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a depression prevention program based on stress inoculation training (SIT) for workers of two private companies, by means of a randomized controlled trial. Method: Ninety three workers of two private companies were assigned to intervention and control groups, and two sessions were conducted in the intervention group of each company at an interval of four weeks. The sessions included lectures on responses to stress and coping skills, problem-solving training, cognitive restructuring training, relaxation, group discussions and self-monitoring. After completing the sessions, two follow-up letters were sent to the participants at two-month intervals. Data from 38 intervention subjects and 39 control subjects were analyzed. Results: There were no major differences between the variables of intervention subjects and control subjects. After two sessions, there was a marginally significant increase of seeking social support in the intervention group (P = 0.052) and a significant decrease of avoidance in both groups (P < 0.05). Concerning the depression score changes, the “Improvement” group of the intervention subjects showed an adjusted OR of 6.83 that was higher compared to the control group, indicating a marginally significant difference (P = 0.083). Conclusion: The results suggest the possibility that the SIT-based program of this study was effective for improving coping and preventing depression. Further research is necessary to develop a depression prevention program adjusted to gender, individual, occupational and other differences of subjects.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境健康科学研究教育センター (Center for Environmental and Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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