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Survival Prognosis of Japanese With Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities Living in Public and Private Institutions Between 1961 and 2003

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Title: Survival Prognosis of Japanese With Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities Living in Public and Private Institutions Between 1961 and 2003
Authors: Hanaoka, Tomoyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mita, Katsumi Browse this author
Hiramoto, Azuma Browse this author
Suzuki, Yasuyuki Browse this author
Maruyama, Shizuo Browse this author
Nakadate, Toshio Browse this author
Kishi, Reiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Okada, Kitoku Browse this author
Egusa, Yasuhiko Browse this author
Keywords: prognosis for survival
severe motor and intellectual disabilities
survival analysis
Issue Date: 5-Jan-2010
Publisher: Japan Epidemiological Association
Journal Title: Journal of Epidemiology
Volume: 20
Issue: 1
Start Page: 77
End Page: 81
Publisher DOI: 10.2188/jea.JE20090024
Abstract: Background: Although the prognosis for survival in people with severe functional disabilities is a serious concern for their families and health care practitioners, there have been few reports on survival rates for this population. Every year, the Japanese Association of Welfare for Persons with Severe Motor and Intellectual Disability collects anonymous records of individual registrations and deaths from all private and public institutions, excepting national institutions. We used these data to estimate the prognosis for survival. Methods: We reviewed the records of 3221 people with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID); all subjects had lived in one of 119 public or private institutions in Japan between 1961 and 2003. Kaplan–Meier survival estimates were calculated according to disability type and birth year range. Results: Of the 3221 persons, 2645 were alive and 576 had died. The survival rate at the age of 20 for all subjects was 79% (95% confidence interval, 78%–81%). Among people who were unable to sit, those with lower intelligence quotients had lower survival rates. Conclusions: The survival rate among people with SMID housed in public and private institutions in Japan was much worse than that of the general population, and has not improved since the 1960s.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境健康科学研究教育センター (Center for Environmental and Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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