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Impact of Subglacial Freshwater Discharge on Pine Island Ice Shelf

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Title: Impact of Subglacial Freshwater Discharge on Pine Island Ice Shelf
Authors: Nakayama, Yoshihiro Browse this author
Cai, Cilan Browse this author
Seroussi, Helene Browse this author
Keywords: Antarctica
Pine Island ice shelf
subglacial freshwater discharge
ice shelf melting
glacial meltwater spreading
Issue Date: 28-Sep-2021
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Geophysical research letters
Volume: 48
Issue: 18
Start Page: e2021GL093923
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2021GL093923
Abstract: Satellite-based estimates of ice shelf melt rates reach similar to 200 m yr-1 close to the grounding line of Pine Island Glacier, in West Antarctica. However, ocean simulations have not yet been able to reproduce such high melt rates, even with high-resolution models. Here, we use a regional model of Pine Island ice shelf cavity and study the impact of subglacial freshwater discharge on simulated ice shelf melt rates and ocean circulation in the cavity. We show that subglacial freshwater discharge substantially enhances ice shelf melting close to the grounding line, successfully simulating high ice shelf melt rates suggested by observations. The buoyant mixture of glacial meltwater plume rises to similar to 27.4 isopycnal surfaces, following topographically constrained current, and spreads into mid-depths at the ice shelf front. The role of freshwater discharge is likely to remain unchanged over the coming decades given the projected evolution of runoff and rainfall over Pine Island basin.
Rights: Copyright 2021 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 中山 佳洋

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