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Title: 国際海運の環境規制の特徴
Other Titles: The Politics of Global Maritime Environmental Regulation
Authors: 村上, 裕一1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Murakami, Yuichi1
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2022
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院法学研究科
Journal Title: 北大法学論集
Journal Title(alt): The Hokkaido Law Review
Volume: 72
Issue: 6
Start Page: 1
End Page: 28
Abstract: This study examines why maritime environmental regulations (MERs), such as those that limit sulfur oxides and particulate matter emission, are delayed more than those on land and air transports. Moreover, it explores why the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations specialized agency responsible for regulating shipping, has not functioned adequately. This study concludes that this is because of regulatory cost and benefit (or, more precisely, to whom cost incurs and who gains benefit), which are both dispersed (this, it is difficult to specify who) in the maritime environmental regulatory space. It is an outstanding exception of typical environmental regulation, where the cost is concentrated, whereas the benefit is dispersed, as explained in The Politics of Regulation by J.Q. Wilson. Consequently, the MERs can bypass regulatory capture by vested interests and advantageous industry. In addition, they can offer various regulatory alternative tools that have been experimented with in some regions to be used for future worldwide regulation. It is true that regionally fragmented environmental regulations that directly reflect local interests make the IMO difficult to work efficiently for global regulatory governance. However, the regulated shipowners require IMO to deal with global issues with its specialty and its wide eyesight to represent various interests of both sides of cost and benefit and to lead them to better comprehensive regulations. IMO’s effort to orchestrate multi-level regulations decreases uncertainty in current MERs. Furthermore, this enables ship-owners or one of the regulatory veto players to be perceived as worth of more cooperation.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北大法学論集 = The Hokkaido Law Review > 第72巻 第6号

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