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Anomalously Low Heat Conduction in Single-Crystal Superlattice Ceramics Lower Than Randomly Oriented Polycrystals

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Title: Anomalously Low Heat Conduction in Single-Crystal Superlattice Ceramics Lower Than Randomly Oriented Polycrystals
Authors: Cho, Hai Jun Browse this author
Wu, Yuzhang Browse this author
Zhang, Yu-Qiao Browse this author
Feng, Bin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mikami, Masashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shin, Woosuck Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ikuhara, Yuichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sheu, Yu-Miin Browse this author
Saito, Keiji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ohta, Hiromichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: InGaO3(ZnO)(m)
Kapitza resistance
thermal conductivity
thermal management technologies
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2021
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Journal Title: Advanced Materials Interfaces
Volume: 8
Issue: 7
Start Page: 2001932
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/admi.202001932
Abstract: Heat conduction in ceramics is attributed to phonon propagation, which can be strongly suppressed at boundaries. Usually, polycrystals show lower thermal conductivity (kappa) than single crystals, as polycrystals contain many grain boundaries. For functional applications in thermal management technologies, ceramics with low thermal conductivity are required. While grain boundary engineering is effective for reducing kappa, its utilization is limited by the fact that other functional properties are often damaged. Here it is shown that single-crystalline oxide of InGaO3(ZnO)(m) with a natural superlattice structure exhibits anomalously lower kappa than polycrystals. Single-crystalline films of InGaO3(ZnO)(m) (m = integer), which has a superlattice structure of InO2-/GaO(ZnO)(m)(+) stacking along the c-axis with a controllable layer thickness of m, are fabricated. It is found that the kappa perpendicular to the superlattices decreases with decreasing m-value, and the minimum kappa is 1.1 W m(-1) K-1 (m = 4, 5), which is lower than randomly oriented polycrystalline InGaO3(ZnO)(m). On the other hand, the kappa parallel to the superlattices have similar values with those of polycrystalline. The present finding suggests that layer boundaries between different components inside single crystal can also function as thermal resistance, which will be useful for the material design of thermal management technologies.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Cho, H. J., Wu, Y., Zhang, Y.‐Q., Feng, B., Mikami, M., Shin, W., Ikuhara, Y., Sheu, Y.‐M., Saito, K., Ohta, H., Anomalously Low Heat Conduction in Single‐Crystal Superlattice Ceramics Lower Than Randomly Oriented Polycrystals. Adv. Mater. Interfaces 2021, 8, 2001932, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:電子科学研究所 (Research Institute for Electronic Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 太田 裕道

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