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対外主権のない状態における議会政の確立 : 同君連合期ノルウェーのストルティング

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Title: 対外主権のない状態における議会政の確立 : 同君連合期ノルウェーのストルティング
Other Titles: Establishment of the Norwegian Parliamentary Democracy in 1814: Competition of Christian Frederik and Carl Johan to Gain Control of the Crown
Authors: 中村, 研一1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Nakamura, Ken-ichi1
Keywords: Storting
parliamentary democracy
Christian Frederik
Carl Johan
the Norwegian Crown
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2022
Publisher: 北海道大学公共政策大学院
Journal Title: 年報 公共政策学
Journal Title(alt): Annals, Public Policy Studies
Volume: 16
Start Page: 23
End Page: 45
Abstract: Robert A. Dahl and other political scientists have pointed out that Norwegian parliamentary government is one of the most stable democracies in the world. Storting, the supreme legislature of Norway, was established at the constituent assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814. The establishment of the Norwegian constitution was the most important legacy of 1814. This essay illustrates the reasons and the process by which the 112 representatives at Eidsvoll were able to establish the parliamentary democracy in 1814. The constitutional assembly of 1814 faced extraordinary challenges such as the final stage of the Napoleonic War and turmoil in the European political order. To constitute a new political order in Norway, the Norwegian representatives needed not only authority to legitimate themselves, but also power to guarantee their newly established political regime. Unfortunately, the most important players of the Norwegian democracy were neither equipped with adequate authority nor enough power. At this critical moment of change in Norwegian politics, two foreign players stood out -- Christian Frederik and Carl Johan, who competed with each other to gain control of the Norwegian Crown. Christian Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark-Norway had the authority over Norwegian people and could initiate to establish the constituent assembly at Eidsvoll. Carl Johan, the former French marshal named Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, was elected by Swedish parliament as heir to the Swedish throne. He had shown remarkable military skills and administrative capabilities. This essay notes the two historical factors, which contributed to establish the Norwegian parliamentary democracy. First, the synergy of the liberal nationalism of Norwegian representatives alongside the ambitious initiatives of Christian Frederik, and second the compromises between the Norwegian representatives and the cautious pragmatism of Carl Johan.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:年報 公共政策学 = Annals, public policy studies > 第16号

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