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北海道のローカル線運営 : 比較行政学と交通計画学の融合

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Title: 北海道のローカル線運営 : 比較行政学と交通計画学の融合
Other Titles: Reconsidering Regional Railway Management in Hokkaido from a Comparative Perspective
Authors: 村上, 裕一1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
髙松, 淳也2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
小林, 大祐3 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
岸, 邦宏4 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Murakami, Yuichi1
Takamatsu, Jun-ya2
Kobayashi, Daisuke3
Kishi, Kunihiro4
Keywords: Regional railway management
The United Kingdom
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2022
Publisher: 北海道大学公共政策大学院
Journal Title: 年報 公共政策学
Journal Title(alt): Annals, Public Policy Studies
Volume: 16
Start Page: 161
End Page: 185
Abstract: The aim of this co-authored paper is to expand on our webinar discussion, which took place on 15th July 2021. France has realised the development of a passenger-friendly regional railway service by giving increased discretion to regional authorities. This favourable outcome can also be explained by the organisational reform of quasi-public railway companies and the recent decisions made by the independent regulatory agency in France. The ministerial management of franchised train services and privatised railways after the failure of neoliberal reforms in the United Kingdom, along with changes in regional policies, has resulted in an increase in passengers and an improvement in service. Germany has a balanced system for overseeing its regional railways, as its federal parliament ensures that regional interests are considered thoroughly; consequently, sufficient federal subsidies are devoted to the Bundesland region’s railways, which are subject to a highly effective, competitive bidding process. The recent events in Hokkaido are reviewed in the paper, and it is concluded that (1) Hokkaido’s rail lines should be divided into three categories, including mainline, wide-area, and intra-municipal transport systems, to clarify which level of government (i.e. central, regional, or municipal) should be in charge of them; (2) the Hokkaido government should take more responsibility in obtaining funds from the central government, forming a strong relationship with JR Hokkaido through financial assistance, and coordinating with stakeholders to form a regional ‘transport network’; and (3) transport modes, including regional railways, should be integrated into a wider network with a comprehensive plan including policy objectives for regional development and environmental protection, which should be primarily established by the Hokkaido government so that passengers can utilise the railways efficiently.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:年報 公共政策学 = Annals, public policy studies > 第16号

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