HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Institute of Low Temperature Science >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc >

Behavior of Hydroxyl Radicals on Water Ice at Low Temperatures

Files in This Item:
Manuscriipt_AccChemRes_Ref-updated.pdf1.49 MBPDFView/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Behavior of Hydroxyl Radicals on Water Ice at Low Temperatures
Authors: Tsuge, Masashi Browse this author
Watanabe, Naoki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 14-Jan-2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society(ACS)
Journal Title: Accounts of Chemical Research
Volume: 54
Issue: 3
Start Page: 471
End Page: 480
Publisher DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.0c00634
Abstract: Because chemical reactions on/in cosmic ice dust grains covered by amorphous solid water (ASW) play important roles in generating a variety of molecules, many experimental and theoretical studies have focused on the chemical processes occurring on the ASW surface. In laboratory experiments, conventional spectroscopic and mass-spectrometric detection of stable products is generally employed to deduce reaction channels and mechanisms. However, despite their importance, the details of chemical reactions involving reactive species (i.e., free radicals) have not been clarified because of the absence of experimental methods for in situ detection of radicals. Because OH radicals can be easily produced in interstellar conditions by not only the photolysis and/or ion bombardments of H2O but also the reaction of H and O atoms, they are thought to be one of the most abundant radicals on ice dust. In this context, the development of a close monitoring method of OH radicals on the ASW surface may help to elucidate the chemical reactions occurring on the ASW surface. Recently, to detect OH radicals adsorbed on the ASW surface, we applied our developed method to sensitively and selectively detect surface adsorbates with a combination of photostimulated desorption and resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization techniques. Using this method, we showed that an OH radical on the ASW surface can be desorbed upon one-photon absorption at 532 nm, at which wavelength both the OH radical and H2O molecule are transparent. Theoretical calculations addressing an OH radical adsorbed on water clusters indicated that the valence A–X transition of an OH radical significantly red-shifts by ~2 eV when the OH radical is strongly adsorbed to ice through three hydrogen bonds. With this method, the number density of surface OH can be monitored as a snapshot so that the behaviors of OH radicals, such as surface diffusion, can be studied. Moreover, the development of a system for studying the wavelength dependence of photodesorption may establish a foundation for future research investigating the absorption spectra of surface adsorbed species. Owing to the large electron affinity of OH radicals on ice, they are expected to easily become OH− by electron attachment on the ASW surface. We characterized the behavior of OH− on ASW at low temperatures, which may be relevant not only to physicochemical processes on cosmic ice dust and planetary atmosphere but also to understanding the electrochemical properties of ice. A negative constant current was found when ASW at temperatures below 50 K was exposed to both UV photons and electrons. It was demonstrated that the negative current is initiated by the formation of OH− ions on the ASW surface, and they are transported to the bulk via the proton-hole transfer mechanism, which was predicted 100 years ago as a mirror image of proton transfer known as the Grotthuss mechanism. These results indicate that OH− ions are readily transported to the bulk ice and further induce reactions, even at low temperatures where thermal diffusion is negligible. Therefore, in-mantle chemical processes that have been considered inactive at low temperatures are worth reevaluating.
Rights: This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Accounts of Chemical Research, copyright c American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 柘植 雅士

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar_1.0 )

MathJax is now OFF:


 - Hokkaido University