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Application of microthermometry to measurement of microbial activity and inactivation process by inhibitor

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Title: Application of microthermometry to measurement of microbial activity and inactivation process by inhibitor
Authors: Maruyama, Hideo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Akira Browse this author
Seki, Hideshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Inoue, Norio Browse this author
Keywords: Yeast
Glucose
Microbial activity
Metabolic heat
Thermistor
Bioprocess monitoring
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Biochemical Engineering Journal
Volume: 29
Issue: 3
Start Page: 278
End Page: 283
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2006.01.007
Abstract: A rapid and simple technique (microthermometry) was developed for the measurement of microbe`s metabolic activities and its inactivation process by an inhibitor. To analyze the results and to determine the parameters for the estimation of the activity and inactivation degree, a simple model was proposed. Yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were used as a microbe. A differential method using two bead-type thermistors as reference and measuring probes was employed for the detection of a temperature change caused by the heat of metabolism of added carbon source (glucose) by the yeast. Experiments were conducted in a 30 °C water bath under non-growth conditions (without nitrogen source). The simple thermal response model was applied to obtain two characteristic parameters for the estimation of the yeast activities, i.e., a metabolic heat production rate, ΔQ, and a metabolic heat inhibition rate, ΔK. The proposed model was well in agreement with the experimental results, and the curve fitting gave ΔQ or ΔK. In the case of the addition of glucose to yeast as a carbon source, ΔQ was proportional to the number of live cell (CFU). The slope of CFU versus ΔQ for yeast in exponential phase was larger by about two folds than that in the stationary phase. In the case of the addition of gultaraldehyde as an inhibitor to the above system, the logarithmic value of ΔK increased with increasing the concentration of gultaraldehyde within the range of 0.02 to 6.2 wt%. It was suggested that the two model parameters, ΔQ and ΔK, can be regarded as characteristics to estimate the activities of bacteria and the degree of their inactivation by the inhibitor.
Relation: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1369703X
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/8524
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 丸山 英男

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