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Effectiveness of suicide prevention gatekeeper training for university teachers in Japan

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Title: Effectiveness of suicide prevention gatekeeper training for university teachers in Japan
Authors: Hashimoto, Naoki Browse this author
Takeda, Hiroko Browse this author
Fujii, Yutaka Browse this author
Suzuki, Yuriko Browse this author
Kato, Takahiro A. Browse this author
Fujisawa, Daisuke Browse this author
Aoyama-Uehara, Kumi Browse this author
Otsuka, Kotaro Browse this author
Mitsui, Nobuyuki Browse this author
Asakura, Satoshi Browse this author
Kusumi, Ichiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: College student
Mental health first aid
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume: 60
Start Page: 102661
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102661
Abstract: Suicide is a leading cause of death among Japanese college and university students. Our previous study showed that the gatekeeper training (GKT) program significantly improved competence and confidence in the management of suicidal students in university administrative staff. However, we could not determine which component of the program was effective, nor if this program was effective for university teachers as well. In the current study, 81 university teachers were recruited; 63 of them received a general mental health lecture (MHL) and 18 of them received a 2.5 -h GKT program based on the Mental Health First Aid program. Competence and confidence in managing suicide intervention and behavioral intention as a gatekeeper were assessed by a self-report questionnaire before and immediately after the intervention. As a result, we found a significant improvement in competence in the management of suicidal students in the GKT group compared to the MHL group. We also found significant improvements in confidence in the management of suicidal students and behavioral intention as gatekeepers in the GKT group, although the questionnaires for these outcomes were not validated. The program satisfaction score was significantly higher in the GKT group than in the MHL group. To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate a GKT program for university teachers in Japan. By comparing the two groups, we explicitly confirmed that active involvement of the participants is crucial for effective suicide prevention training.
Rights: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 橋本 直樹

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