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Catalytic reduction of nitrate in water over alumina-supported nickel catalyst toward purification of polluted groundwater

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Title: Catalytic reduction of nitrate in water over alumina-supported nickel catalyst toward purification of polluted groundwater
Authors: Kobune, Marina Browse this author
Takizawa, Dai Browse this author
Nojima, Jun Browse this author
Otomo, Ryoichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kamiya, Yuichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Nitrate reduction
Base metal catalyst
Water purification
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Catalysis Today
Volume: 352
Start Page: 204
End Page: 211
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2020.01.037
Abstract: Pollution of groundwater with NO3– is a serious problem in the world. While catalytic reduction of NO3– over Pd-bimetallic catalysts including Cu-Pd and Sn-Pd is a promising method for purification of the groundwater, the use of precious metal is a major obstacle for practical applications. In the present study, we applied Ni/Al2O3 for the catalytic reduction of NO3– and compared the catalytic performance with that of unsupported Ni catalyst. The reaction rate over 5 wt.% Ni/Al2O3 was about 5 times higher than that of the unsupported Ni catalyst, based on unit weight of catalyst. While the unsupported Ni catalyst was completely deactivated in low partial pressure of H2 (=0.75 atm) and high concentration of NO3– (=800 ppm), Ni/Al2O3 was still active even under less reductive conditions ([NO3–]0 = 800 ppm and P(H2) =0.5 atm). The unsupported Ni catalyst had the Ni0 particles formed by the reduction of NiO with H2 at 310–420 °C. On the other hand, 5 wt.% Ni/Al2O3 possessed the Ni0 particles formed from NiAl2O4 on Al2O3 by the reduction with H2 above 450 °C. It is plausible that those Ni0 particles had different properties, giving different catalytic properties. The Ni loadings for Ni/Al2O3 had a significant impact on the catalytic properties. The reaction orders with respect to both NO3– and H2 were 0.8 for 5 wt.% Ni/Al2O3, while those were 0 and –0.2, respectively, for 10 wt.% Ni/Al2O3. On 10 wt.% Ni/Al2O3, there were two kinds of the Ni° particles, which were formed by low (310-420 °C) and high (above 450 °C) temperature H2 reductions. Unlike the Pd-bimetallic catalysts, the reduction of NO3– over Ni/Al2O3 did not proceed through NO2–.
Rights: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 神谷 裕一

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