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Environmental factors affecting the conception rates of nulliparous and primiparous dairy cattle

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Title: Environmental factors affecting the conception rates of nulliparous and primiparous dairy cattle
Authors: Ukita, Haruka Browse this author
Yamazaki, Takeshi Browse this author
Yamaguchi, Satoshi Browse this author
Abe, Hayato Browse this author
Baba, Toshimi Browse this author
Bai, Hanako Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takahashi, Masashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kawahara, Manabu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: conception rate
milk yield at peak lactation
calving to first insemination
sexed sperm
Japanese Black
Issue Date: Aug-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Journal of dairy science
Volume: 105
Issue: 8
Start Page: 6947
End Page: 6955
Publisher DOI: 10.3168/jds.2022-21948
Abstract: Dairy cattle must allocate energy to milk production and reproduction. Therefore, understanding the envi-ronmental factors that affect conception rates in nul-liparous and primiparous cows is helpful in appropriate feeding management strategies before and after calving. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of environmental factors before and after the first calving on the conception rate, representing the starting point of milk production. The records of the first artificial insemination (AI) from Holstein nul-liparous cows (n = 533,672) and primiparous cows (n = 516,710) in Hokkaido, Japan, were analyzed using sepa-rate multivariable logistic regression models. The mean conception rates for nulliparous and primiparous cows from 2012 to 2018 were 55.2 and 39.2%, respectively. In both nulliparous and primiparous cows, the conception rate of crossbreeding using Japanese Black (JB) semen was significantly higher than that for purebred Holstein breeding. The conception rate using sexed semen de-creased in the warmer months only in nulliparous cows. Moreover, we grouped primiparous cows according to milk yield during peak lactation (PY; < 25, 25-30, 30-35, >= 35 kg) and the interval from calving to first insemination (CFI; < 60, 60-79, 80-99, >= 100 d), and evaluated their combined effect on the conception rate. Both PY and CFI strongly affected the conception rate in primiparous cows, which decreased with an increase in PY, even for the group with CFI >= 100 d; however, the conception rate increased for a CFI >= 60 d regard-less of PY. Taken together, this study demonstrates the long-term effect of PY and an independent effect of CFI on the conception rate of cows. These results provide guidance for management to execute appropriate AI implementation strategies before and after lactation.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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