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Establishment of a New Qualitative Evaluation Method for Articular Cartilage by Dynamic T2w MRI Using a Novel Contrast Medium as a Water Tracer

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Title: Establishment of a New Qualitative Evaluation Method for Articular Cartilage by Dynamic T2w MRI Using a Novel Contrast Medium as a Water Tracer
Authors: Hosokawa, Yoshiaki Browse this author
Onodera, Tomohiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Homan, Kentaro Browse this author
Yamaguchi, Jun Browse this author
Kudo, Kohsuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kameda, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Sugimori, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Iwasaki, Norimasa Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: osteoarthritis
cartilage injury
O-17-labeled water
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2022
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Journal Title: Cartilage
Volume: 13
Issue: 3
Start Page: 1
End Page: 8
Publisher DOI: 10.1177/19476035221111503
Abstract: Objective In the early stages of cartilage damage, diagnostic methods focusing on the mechanism of maintaining the hydrostatic pressure of cartilage are thought to be useful. O-17-labeled water, which is a stable isotope of oxygen, has the advantage of no radiation exposure or allergic reactions and can be detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study aimed to evaluate MRI images using O-17-labeled water in a rabbit model. Design Contrast MRI with O-17-labeled water and macroscopic and histological evaluations were performed 4 and 8 weeks after anterior cruciate ligament transection surgery in rabbits. A total of 18 T2-weighted images were acquired, and O-17-labeled water was manually administered on the third scan. The O-17 concentration in each phase was calculated from the signal intensity at the articular cartilage. Macroscopic and histological grades were evaluated and compared with the O-17 concentration. Results An increase in O-17 concentration in the macroscopic and histologically injured areas was observed by MRI. Macroscopic evaluation showed that the O-17 concentration significantly increased in the damaged site group. Histological evaluations also showed that O-17 concentrations significantly increased at 36 minutes 30 seconds after initiating MRI scanning in the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) grade 3 (0.493 in grade 0, 0.659 in grade 1, 0.4651 in grade 2, and 0.9964 in grade 3, P < 0.05). Conclusion O-17-labeled water could visualize earlier articular cartilage damage, which is difficult to detect by conventional methods.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道大学病院 (Hokkaido University Hospital) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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