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実践者の言語データが導くハイブリディティ : 現象のメカニズム

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Title: 実践者の言語データが導くハイブリディティ : 現象のメカニズム
Other Titles: Hybridity as a phenomenon: from the analysis of practitioners' linguistic data
Authors: 加藤, 知愛1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Katoh, Tomoe1
Keywords: 地域コーポレーション
Issue Date: 23-Nov-2022
Publisher: 人工知能学会
Journal Title: 人工知能学会第二種研究会資料
Volume: 2022
Issue: CCI-010
Start Page: 09
Abstract: 広域複合的な自然災害とバイオハザードに備えてそれらの危機を管理し、住民の暮らしを守る組織が必要である.地域型の複合企業の地域コーポレーションは、各セクターを横断する複合的なニーズに対応するビジネスモデルを有し、その役割を果たしている.本研究では、こうした機能を有するハイブリッド組織(地域コーポレーション)のグリーンファンドグループが地域社会で引き起こしている現象に焦点を当てて、ハイブリッド組織の構造とメカニズムを明らかにする.ハイブリッド組織のメカニズムを解明する第1の方法は、公共政策、民間企業の努力、市民の活動の境界線上にある制度的な領域や分野を分析することである.第2の方法は、トラックレコードを有するハイブリッド組織の具体的な経験を描写する(illustrate)ことである(Jan-Erik Johanson, Jarmo Vakkuri 2021b).実践者の言語データを用いた第1次解析の結果、実践者の2つの行動のコンテクスト(1. 社会的使命を伝達する、2. 新しい経済の形を創出する)と「社会を改良する9つのメソッド」が導き出された.第2次解析の結果、2つの現象(1. 社会的使命の伝達メカニズム、2. 新しい地域経済の創出メカニズム)が明らかになった.2つの分析結果から導出される、ハイブリッド組織の創出プロセスとアプローチ(ハイブリッド組織の構造)とハイブリッド組織が引き起こす現象のメカニズムは、今後のハイブリッド組織の経営戦略モデルとなる.
Purpose Hybridity explores the policymaking system with another logic, business or civil society, and the community endorses the proceedings. Japanese community-based corporations(CBCs)/cooperative corporations (CBCCs) develop business models that meet the multiple needs of various sectors. They have supported economies by providing products with reliable and manageable supply chains to ensure the sustainability of their operations. The Green Fund Group has implemented 31 wind power projects with NPO's for-profit management system. Its success factors include business model for social change, management system combining non-profit and for-profit activities, integrated function of policymaking and business, and the trust-building mechanism of complex social activity and business. This research illustrates the experiences of hybrid organisations with proven track records that adapt to social contexts and multiple layers and operate across institutions. It aims to conceptualise the system of hybridity as a phenomenon, analysing management systems and mechanisms from linguistic data accumulated by Japanese hybrid organisations' practitioners in 2016-2021. Approach & Method The first analysis categorises the practitioners' linguistic data into three codes with different levels of abstraction: words describing individuals, concepts describing the organisation, and meanings in the context of the practitioners' words and actions. The second analysis modularises the behavioural context expressed in the first analysis and describes the phenomena caused by the practitioner's behaviour and the organisation's activities. Finally, hybrid organisations' management structures and mechanisms are conceptualised by illustrating the relationships between those phenomena. We conducted the first-stage face-to-face interviews, asking about practitioners' perceptions of and engagement with their organisations. To validate the results of the first interview, we assessed their projects through the program evaluation and conducted the second-stage interviews. To validate the second-stage interview results, we conducted the third-stage interviews to ask in-depth questions about the characteristics of the group organisation and interpret the meaning of the practitioners' words. Findings As a result of the first analysis, two behavioural contexts emerged for practitioners: communicating a social mission and creating new forms of economy. Furthermore, "Nine Methods of Improving Society" were derived. The second analysis revealed two phenomena: mechanisms for transmitting social missions and mechanisms for creating new regional economic systems. Practitioners' values are linked to the social mission of the group. They recognise existing social challenges, develop projects aligned with communities' wills, and communicate their social mission to organisations and communities using methods that improve society while embedding new economic forms within the existing system. Hybridity forms a mechanism for sharing a social mission with the community, encouraging people to define that social mission and create new businesses themselves. Their management systems and networks are used as tools to open platforms for collaboration. Here, practice and theory, experts and people, and present and future work together without conflict. Implementation Hybridity is a phenomenon revealed by linguistic data analysis, despite its presence, that is unrecognised due to the absence of precise definitions. Hybridity's management system, development processes and approaches provide a futuristic management strategy model for emerging hybrids. References ・Jarmo Vakkuri and Jan-Erik Johanson(2021) "Hybrid Governance, Organisations and Society Value Creation Perspectives" Routledge.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:公共政策学教育部・公共政策学連携研究部 (Graduate School of Public Policy / Faculty of Public Policy) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 加藤 知愛

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