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Exposure to strong irradiance exacerbates photoinhibition and suppresses N resorption during leaf senescence in shade-grown seedlings of fullmoon maple (Acer japonicum)

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Title: Exposure to strong irradiance exacerbates photoinhibition and suppresses N resorption during leaf senescence in shade-grown seedlings of fullmoon maple (Acer japonicum)
Authors: Kitao, Mitsutoshi Browse this author
Yazaki, Kenichi Browse this author
Tobita, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Agathokleous, Evgenios Browse this author
Kishimoto, Junko Browse this author
Takabayashi, Atsushi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tanaka, Ryouichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: inner-canopy leaves
sugar accumulation
holocanopy hypothesis
light attenuation
photooxidative stress
Issue Date: 28-Oct-2022
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in plant science
Volume: 13
Start Page: 1006413
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2022.1006413
Abstract: Leaves of fullmoon maple (Acer japonicum) turn brilliant red with anthocyanins synthesis in autumn. Based on field observations, autumn coloring mainly occurs in outer-canopy leaves exposed to sun, whereas inner-canopy leaves remain green for a certain longer period before finally turn yellowish red with a smaller amount of anthocyanins. Here, we hypothesized that outer-canopy leaves protect themselves against photooxidative stress via anthocyanins while simultaneously shading inner canopy leaves and protecting them from strong light (holocanopy hypothesis). To test this hypothesis, we investigated photoinhibition and leaf N content during autumn senescence in leaves of pot-grown seedlings of fullmoon maple either raised under shade (L0, approximate to 13% relative irradiance to open) or transferred to full sunlight conditions on 5(th) (LH1), 12(th) (LH2), or 18(th) (LH3) Oct, 2021. Dry mass-based leaf N (N-mass) in green leaves in shade-grown seedlings was approximate to 30 mg N g(-1) in summer. N-mass in shed leaves (25(th) Oct to 1(st) Nov) was 11.1, 12.0, 14.6, and 10.1 mg N g(-1) in L0, LH1, LH2, and LH3 conditions, respectively. Higher N-mass was observed in shed leaves in LH2, compared to other experimental conditions, suggesting an incomplete N resorption in LH2. F-v/F-m after an overnight dark-adaptation, measured on 19(th) Oct when leaf N was actively resorbed, ranked L0: 0.72 > LH3: 0.56 > LH1: 0.45 > LH2: 0.25. As decreased F-v/F-m indicates photoinhibition, leaves in LH2 condition suffered the most severe photoinhibition. Leaf soluble sugar content decreased, but protein carbonylation increased with decreasing F-v/F-m across shade-grown seedlings (L0, LH1, LH2, and LH3) on 19(th) Oct, suggesting impaired photosynthetic carbon gain and possible membrane peroxidation induced by photooxidative stress, especially in LH2 condition with less N resorption efficiency. Although the impairment of N resorption seems to depend on the timing and intensity of strong light exposure, air temperature, and consequently the degree of photoinhibition, the photoprotective role of anthocyanins in outer-canopy leaves of fullmoon maple might also contribute to allow a safe N resorption in inner-canopy leaves by prolonged shading.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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