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Multiple Dynamics of Precipitation Concentrated on the North Side of Typhoon Hagibis (2019) during Extratropical Transition

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Title: Multiple Dynamics of Precipitation Concentrated on the North Side of Typhoon Hagibis (2019) during Extratropical Transition
Authors: Yanase, Wataru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Araki, Kentaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Wada, Akiyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shimada, Udai Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hayashi, Masahiro Browse this author
Horinouchi, Takeshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: tropical cyclone
extratropical transition
cloud resolving simulation
Issue Date: Oct-2022
Publisher: 公益社団法人 日本気象学会 (Meteorological society of Japan)
Journal Title: Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Volume: 100
Issue: 5
Start Page: 783
End Page: 805
Publisher DOI: 10.2151/jmsj.2022-041
Abstract: Torrential rain in Typhoon Hagibis caused a devastating disaster in Japan in October 2019. The precipitation was concentrated in the northern half of Hagibis during extratropical transition (ET). To elucidate the mechanisms of this asymmetric precipitation, synoptic- and mesoscale processes were mainly analyzed using the Japan Meteorological Agency Non-Hydrostatic Model. The present study demonstrates that the asymmetric processes were different depending on the ET stages. When Hagibis was close to the baroclinic zone at middle latitudes on around 12 October (the frontal stage), heavy precipitation in the northeastern part of Hagibis was attributed to warm frontogenesis and quasigeostrophic ascent, as reported in many previous studies. In contrast, when Hagibis was moderately distant from the baroclinic zone on around 11 October (the prefrontal stage), heavy precipitation in the northern part occurred in a slantwise northward ascending motion in the outer region. This slantwise motion developed in a region with strong westerly vertical shear, which was enhanced between Hagibis and a westerly jet stream. Based on the analyses of potential vorticity and absolute angular momentum, this region was characterized by reduced moist symmetric stability in the lower and middle troposphere accompanied by inertial instability in the upper troposphere and conditional instability in the lower troposphere. These results provide additional insights into the time evolution of asymmetric processes during ET in the absence of a distinct upper-tropospheric trough, particularly, the slantwise motion in the prefrontal stage.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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