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Relationships of computed tomography-based small vessel indices of the lungs with ventilation heterogeneity and high transfer coefficients in non-smokers with asthma

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Title: Relationships of computed tomography-based small vessel indices of the lungs with ventilation heterogeneity and high transfer coefficients in non-smokers with asthma
Authors: Shimizu, Kaoruko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kimura, Hirokazu Browse this author
Tanabe, Naoya Browse this author
Chubachi, Shotaro Browse this author
Sato, Susumu Browse this author
Suzuki, Masaru Browse this author
Tanimura, Kazuya Browse this author
Iijima, Hiroaki Browse this author
Oguma, Akira M. Browse this author
Ito, Yoichi Browse this author
Wakazono, Nobuyasu Browse this author
Takimoto-Sato, Michiko Browse this author
Matsumoto-Sasaki, Machiko Browse this author
Abe, Yuki Browse this author
Takei, Nozomu Browse this author
Makita, Hironi Browse this author
Nishimura, Masaharu Browse this author
Konno, Satoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hi CARAT Investigators Browse this author
Keywords: asthma
computed tomography
pulmonary small vessels
ventilation heterogeneity
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2023
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in physiology
Volume: 14
Start Page: 1137603
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2023.1137603
Abstract: Background: The mechanism of high transfer coefficients of the lungs for carbon monoxide (Kco) in non-smokers with asthma is explained by the redistribution of blood flow to the area with preserved ventilation, to match the ventilation perfusion.Objectives: To examine whether ventilation heterogeneity, assessed by pulmonary function tests, is associated with computed tomography (CT)-based vascular indices and Kco in patients with asthma.Methods: Participants were enrolled from the Hokkaido-based Investigative Cohort Analysis for Refractory Asthma (Hi-CARAT) study that included a prospective asthmatic cohort. Pulmonary function tests including Kco, using single breath methods; total lung capacity (TLC), using multiple breath methods; and CT, were performed on the same day. The ratio of the lung volume assessed using single breath methods (alveolar volume; V-A) to that using multiple breath methods (TLC) was calculated as an index of ventilation heterogeneity. The volume of the pulmonary small vessels < 5 mm(2) in the whole lung (BV5 volume), and number of BV5 at a theoretical surface area of the lungs from the plural surface (BV5 number) were evaluated using chest CT images.Results: The low V-A/TLC group (the lowest quartile) had significantly lower BV5 number, BV5 volume, higher BV5 volume/BV5 number, and higher Kco compared to the high V-A/TLC group (the highest quartile) in 117 non-smokers, but not in 67 smokers. Multivariable analysis showed that low V-A/TLC was associated with low BV5 number, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, lung volume on CT, and CT emphysema index in non-smokers (not in smokers).Conclusion: Ventilation heterogeneity may be associated with low BV5 number and high Kco in non-smokers (not in smokers). Future studies need to determine the dynamic regional system in ventilation, perfusion, and diffusion in asthma.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道大学病院 (Hokkaido University Hospital) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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