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Heterologous complementation systems verify the mosaic distribution of three distinct protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase in the cyanobacterial phylum

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Title: Heterologous complementation systems verify the mosaic distribution of three distinct protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase in the cyanobacterial phylum
Authors: Kohata, Ryoya Browse this author
Lim, HyunSeok Browse this author
Kanamoto, Yuki Browse this author
Murakami, Akio Browse this author
Fujita, Yuichi Browse this author
Tanaka, Ayumi Browse this author
Swingley, Wesley Browse this author
Ito, Hisashi Browse this author
Tanaka, Ryouichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Chlorophyll
Complementation assay
Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase
Issue Date: 10-Nov-2022
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of plant research
Volume: 136
Start Page: 107
End Page: 115
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10265-022-01423-7
Abstract: The pathways for synthesizing tetrapyrroles, including heme and chlorophyll, are well-conserved among organisms, despite the divergence of several enzymes in these pathways. Protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPOX), which catalyzes the last common step of the heme and chlorophyll biosynthesis pathways, is encoded by three phylogenetically-unrelated genes, hemY, hemG and hemJ. All three types of homologues are present in the cyanobacterial phylum, showing a mosaic phylogenetic distribution. Moreover, a few cyanobacteria appear to contain two types of PPOX homologues. Among the three types of cyanobacterial PPOX homologues, only a hemJ homologue has been experimentally verified for its functionality. An objective of this study is to provide experimental evidence for the functionality of the cyanobacterial PPOX homologues by using two heterologous complementation systems. First, we introduced hemY and hemJ homologues from Gloeobacter violaceus PCC7421, hemY homologue from Trichodesmium erythraeum, and hemG homologue from Prochlorococcus marinus MIT9515 into a Delta hemG strain of E. coli. hemY homologues from G. violaceus and T. erythraeum, and the hemG homologue of P. marinus complimented the E. coli strain. Subsequently, we attempted to replace the endogenous hemJ gene of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 with the four PPOX homologues mentioned above. Except for hemG from P. marinus, the other PPOX homologues substituted the function of hemJ in Synechocystis. These results show that all four homologues encode functional PPOX. The transformation of Synechocystis with G. violaceus hemY homologue rendered the cells sensitive to an inhibitor of the HemY-type PPOX, acifluorfen, indicating that the hemY homologue is sensitive to this inhibitor, while the wild-type G. violaceus was tolerant to it, most likely due to the presence of HemJ protein. These results provide an additional level of evidence that G. violaceus contains two types of functional PPOX.
Rights: This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 田中 亮一

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