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Title: 近代社会における個人の位置と意味(1):ジョン・ロックの個人概念と社会モデルをめぐって
Other Titles: The Situations and Meaning of Individuals in Modern Society (1) : On the Jon Locke's Concept of Individual and his Model of Society
Authors: 佐々木, 隆生1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Sasaki, Takao1
Keywords: Locke’s model of society
individuals as rational creatures
property based on man’s own body and work
relationship between society and individuals
self and individual
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2024
Publisher: 北海道大学公共政策大学院
Journal Title: 年報 公共政策学
Journal Title(alt): Annals, Public Policy Studies
Volume: 18
Start Page: 3
End Page: 22
Abstract: The idea that free, equal, and independent individuals form society became dominant in the late 17th century. This idea negates the old imaginary in which individuals are subordinate to society as an organic body headed by a King or any supreme authority, and forms the conceptual framework to both liberalism and socialism. However, there are also many studies in philosophy, sociology, politics, economics, psychology, etc., that dispute this relationship between society and individuals and support the argument that human beings are not independent actors separate from society. In this introductory essay, I try to explain how Locke’s ‘free man’ was dependent on the society of his age, and that this model of society was non-political. His idea of individuals is closely related to his own idea of self and personal identity; and engendered the idea that the individual is an independent and autonomous being. The relationship between the individual and society is close and inseparable; and it elicits scrutiny of the fundamental and essential features of the relationship, and how the ideas of ‘self’ and ‘individual’ emerged historically.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:年報 公共政策学 = Annals, public policy studies > 第18号

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