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Generation of Bilateral Symmetry in the Ectoderm of the Tubifex Embryo : Involvement of Cell–cell Interactions

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Title: Generation of Bilateral Symmetry in the Ectoderm of the Tubifex Embryo : Involvement of Cell–cell Interactions
Authors: Nakamoto, Ayaki Browse this author
Arai, Asuna Browse this author
Shimizu, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Tubifex
bilateral symmetry
cell interactions
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Hydrobiologia
Volume: 564
Issue: 1
Start Page: 19
End Page: 32
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10750-005-1704-1
Abstract: In embryos of the oligochaete annelid Tubifex, most ectodermal tissues are derived from four bilateral pairs of embryonic stem cells called teloblasts (ectoteloblasts N, O, P and Q). Ectoteloblasts are generated on both left and right sides of the embryo through an invariable sequence of cell divisions of a proteloblast, NOPQ, and they are positioned in a mirror symmetric pattern relative to the embryonic midline. This mirror symmetry of ectoteloblast arrangement gives rise to the generation of bilateral symmetry in the ectoderm. Here we review results of our recent experiments on Tubifex tubifex that were designed to gain an insight into the mechanisms underlying the generation of the bilaterally symmetric organization of ectoteloblasts. Cell transplantation experiments have shown that nascent NOPQ cells can be polarized according to positional information residing in the embryo. If a left NOPQ cell is transplanted to the right side of a host embryo, it exhibits polarity comparable to that of right NOPQ cells. It has also been shown that contact between NOPQ cells serves as an external cue for their polarization. Another series of cell transplantation experiments have suggested that the competence of NOPQ cells to respond to external cues becomes undetectable shortly before the production of the first teloblast (N) from the NOPQ cell. Another series of experiments utilizing cell ablation techniques have shown that teloblasts N, P and Q are specified to express the N, P and Q fates, respectively, as early as their birth. In contrast, the O teloblast and its progeny are initially pluripotent and their fate becomes restricted through inductive signals emanating from its sister P lineage. On the basis of these findings, we have proposed a model for polarization of ectodermal teloblastogenesis in the Tubifex embryo.
Rights: The original publication is available at
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 清水 隆

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