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Relationship between bone tissue strain and lattice strain of HAp crystals in bovine cortical bone under tensile loading.

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Title: Relationship between bone tissue strain and lattice strain of HAp crystals in bovine cortical bone under tensile loading.
Authors: Fujisaki, Kazuhiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tadano, Shigeru Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Biomechanics
X-ray Diffraction
Cortical bone
Strain measurement
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Journal of Biomechanics
Volume: 40
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1832
End Page: 1838
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.07.003
PMID: 17078958
Abstract: Cortical bone is a composite material composed of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and collagen. As HAp is a crystalline structure, an X-ray diffraction method is available to measure the strain of HAp crystals. However, HAp crystals in bone tissue have been known to have the low degree of crystallization. Authors have proposed an X-ray diffraction method to measure the lattice strain of HAp crystals from the diffusive intensity profile due to low crystallinity. The precision of strain measurement was greatly improved by this method. In order to confirm the possibility of estimating the bone tissue strain with measurements of the strain of HAp crystals, this work investigates the relationship between bone tissue strain on a macroscopic scale and the lattice strain of HAp crystals on a microscopic scale. The X-ray diffraction experiments were performed under tensile loading. Strip bone specimens of 40×6×0.8 mm in size were cut from the cortical region of a shaft of bovine femur. A stepwise tensile load was applied in the longitudinal direction of the specimen. By detecting the diffracted X-ray beam transmitted through the specimen, the lattice strain was directly measured in the loading direction. As a result, the lattice strain of HAp crystals showed lower value than the bone tissue strain measured by a strain gage. The bone tissue strain was described with the mean lattice strain of the HAp crystals and the elastic modulus.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 但野 茂

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