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A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America

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Title: A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America
Authors: Minobe, Shoshiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 24
Issue: 6
Start Page: 683
End Page: 686
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/97GL00504
Abstract: The chronology of interdecadal climatic regime shifts is examined, using instrumental data over the North Pacific, North America and the tropical oceans, and reconstructed climate records for North America. In the North Pacific and North America, climatic regime shifts around 1890 and in the 1920s with alternating polarities are detected, whose spatial structure is similar to that of the previously-known climatic shifts observed in the 1940s and 1970s. Sea-surface temperatures in the tropical Indian Ocean-maritime continent region exhibit changes corresponding to these four shifts. Spectra obtained by the Multi-Taper-Method suggest that these regime shifts are associated with 50–70 year climate variability over the North Pacific and North America. The leading mode of the empirical orthogonal functions of the air-temperature reconstructed from tree-rings in North America exhibits a spatial distribution that is remi-niscent of instrumentally observed air-temperature differ-ences associated with the regime shifts. The temporal evo-lution of this mode is characterized by a 50–70 year oscilla-tion in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This result, combined with the results of the analyses of the instrumen-tal data, indicates that the 50–70 year oscillation is preva-lent from the eighteenth century to the present in North America.
Rights: An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 1997 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 見延 庄士郎

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