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Are the windows to the soul the same in the East and West? Cultural differences in using the eyes and mouth as cues to recognize emotions in Japan and the United States

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タイトル: Are the windows to the soul the same in the East and West? Cultural differences in using the eyes and mouth as cues to recognize emotions in Japan and the United States
著者: Yuki, Masaki 著作を一覧する
Maddux, William W. 著作を一覧する
Masuda, Takahiko 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Culture
Emotions
Facial expressions
Emotion recognition
Cognition
発行日: 2007年 3月
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
巻: 43
号: 2
開始ページ: 303
終了ページ: 311
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.02.004
抄録: The current research investigated the hypothesis that, depending on an individual’s cultural background, facial cues in different parts of the face are weighted differently when interpreting emotions. Given that the eyes are more difficult to control than the mouth when people express emotions, we predicted that individuals in cultures where emotional subduction is the norm (such as Japan) would focus more strongly on the eyes than the mouth when interpreting others’ emotions. By contrast, we predicted that people in cultures where overt emotional expression is the norm (such as the US) would tend to interpret emotions based on the position of the mouth, because it is the most expressive part of the face. This hypothesis was confirmed in two studies, one using illustrated faces, and one using edited facial expressions from real people, in which emotional expressions in the eyes and mouth were independently manipulated. Implications for our understanding of cross-cultural psychology, as well of the psychology of emotional interpretation, are discussed.
Relation (URI): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00221031
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/22527
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 結城 雅樹

 

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