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Sexually Different Expression of Neurohypophysial Hormone Genes in the Preoptic Nucleus of Pre-Spawning Chum Salmon

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Title: Sexually Different Expression of Neurohypophysial Hormone Genes in the Preoptic Nucleus of Pre-Spawning Chum Salmon
Authors: Ota, Yuki Browse this author
Ando, Hironori Browse this author
Ban, Masatoshi Browse this author
Ueda, Hiroshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Urano, Akihisa Browse this author
Issue Date: Aug-1996
Publisher: 日本動物学会
Journal Title: Zoological Science
Volume: 13
Issue: 4
Start Page: 593
End Page: 601
Abstract: Vasotocin (VT) and isotocin (IT) are teleost neurohypophysial hormones produced by neurosecretory neurons in the magnocellular part of preoptic nucleus (PM) of the hypothalamus. Several previous studies indicated that neurohypophysial hormones are involved in teleost reproductive behavior. The changes in the expression of VT and IT genes were thus studied by an in situ hybridization technique and an immunohistochemical avidin-biotin-complex method in pre-spawning chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta). Male and female fish were caught at Atsuta, the mouth of the Ishikari Bay, and at Chitose, upstream to the Ishikari River in October, 1994. The former and the latter are referred to as bay fish and river fish, respectively. The intensity of autoradiographic hybridization signals were determined in individual neurosecretory neurons in the rostroventral, middle, and dorsocaudal parts of the PM. In the females, the levels of VT and IT mRNAs in the river fish were significantly lower than those in the bay fish in all the three loci in the PM, whereas VT and IT immunoreactivities in the river fish were higher than those in the bay fish. These results suggest that both the rates of transcription and release of VT and IT were decreased in pre-spawning female chum salmon. Contrary, in the males, the levels of IT mRNA and IT immunoreactivity in the river fish were greater than those in the bay fish particularly in the rostroventral part of the PM, whereas conspicuous changes were not seen in the levels of VT mRNA and VT immunoreactivity. The present results thus revealed sexually different expression of neurohypophysial hormone genes in the preoptic nucleus of pre-spawning chum salmon when compared between bay and river fish. The regulation of neurohypophysial hormone gene expression may be different between the male and the female during the last stages of spawning migration.
Rights: (c) 日本動物学会 / 本文献の公開は著者の意思に基づくものである
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北方生物圏フィールド科学センター (Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 上田 宏

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