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アイヌ語千歳方言における合成名詞の構造

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Title: アイヌ語千歳方言における合成名詞の構造
Other Titles: Compound Noun Word Formation in the Chitose Dialect of Ainu
Authors: 佐藤, 知己1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Sato, Tomomi1
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2008
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科北方研究教育センター
Journal Title: 北方人文研究
Journal Title(alt): Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities
Volume: 1
Start Page: 55
End Page: 68
Abstract: It is known that Ainu has two types of compound noun constructions: the “modifying construction” and the “pseudo-modifying construction”. However, the term “modifying construction” from the outset contradicts the so-called “syntactic atomicity”of words, one of the most basic principles of word formation in general linguistic terms. Here, I suggest that among the compound nouns with the modifying construction, some are compound nouns exceptional in their construction, formed, as it were, directly from phrases (i.e. “phrase-word” by Bloomfield), while others are words containing a kind of verbal noun converted from the corresponding intransitive verb, formed, in turn, through “object-incorporation”. This assumption is supported by the fact that the number of compound nouns with the modifying construction is not so large in the lexicon as a whole (so, exceptional and marginal)and also supported by the fact that examples of the compound nouns with the modifying constituent “subject+transitive verb” are extremely few: the pattern “subject+transitive verb”is usually not possible as an intransitive verb with noun incorporation in Ainu, and therefore cannot be used as a verbal noun of the first member of a compound noun.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/34540
Appears in Collections:北方人文研究 = Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities > 第1号 = No.1

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