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国際シンポジウム「明日の海と食を守る水産海洋サステナビリティ学」 >

Sustainability of the Alaska Salmon Fishery

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タイトル: Sustainability of the Alaska Salmon Fishery
その他のタイトル: アラスカにおける持続可能なサケ漁業
著者: Smoker, William W. 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2009年11月 7日
引用: International Symposium on "Sustainability Science on Seafood and Ocean Ecosystem Conservation". 7 November 2009. Hakodate, Japan.
抄録: Status of the Alaska salmon fishery. In 2009 Alaska continued over three decades of sustained harvest above 100M salmon; the harvest this year was above 150M including over 40M sockeye, 90M pink, and 16M chum salmon (preliminary State of Alaska data). It was near the median of harvests for the past decade. For some species in some regions the harvest in 2009 was predominantly of hatchery-origin salmon (e.g. Prince William Sound pink salmon, Southeast chum salmon) but most of the harvest depended on locally-managed fisheries dependent on naturally-reproducing salmon in healthy ecosystems. Managers of some local area fisheries suspect that a trend over several recent years toward smaller body size may be occurring (e.g. chum salmon in northern part of Southeast; pink salmon in Southeast.) Marine Stewardship Council Ecolabel. The Alaska salmon fishery was certified Sustainable in 2000 and recertified in 2007 for five years by the Council. Thus salmon harvested in Alaska have been able to carry the MSC sustainability ecolabel in the marketplace. A single certification, applying to all salmon harvested in all parts of Alaska, was sought by Alaska Department of Fish and Game because the market would have been confused by multiple certifications of multiple fisheries for multiple species. Certification applies to all five species harvested in any of the waters of Alaska. The five species are divided into 16 Units in the certification process which evaluates each Unit in certifying the entire fishery. Each Unit is a different regulatory Area or a combination of fishing gear type and Area. Continued Certification is dependent on successful annual surveillance audits by an agent of the Council. The auditors require detailed reports from the Client each year. The Client for the certification process, Alaska Department of Fish & Game, has withdrawn from the process as of May 2009. This means that Alaska salmon harvested before November 2009 can be marketed with the MSC certification ecolabel but if surveillance audits are not provided by a new Client the certification may lapse. It is possible that Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute will undertake the responsibilities of the MSC Client. Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute. The Alaska seafood industry and the State of Alaska cooperate through the Institute in increasing the economic value of the harvest. They intensively promote the sustainability of fisheries, including salmon, to diverse markets. They call attention to Alaska's success in meeting the sustainability criteria defined by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in their efforts to educate domestic retail, domestic food service, and international customers.
・アラスカではこれまで30年以上にわたりサケの年間漁獲数を1億尾以上維持している(2009年 : ベニザケ4千万尾以上,カラフトマス9千万尾,シロザケ16百万尾,合計1.5億尾)。今年の漁獲数は過去数十年間で中位に相当する。今年のサケ漁獲数のうち,プリンス・ウィリアム・サウンドのカラフトマスや南東アラスカのシロザケは孵化場魚が多くを占めるが,他はすべて野生魚であり,各地域の健全な生態系において資源管理された結果である。一部の地域個体群(南東アラスカのシロザケとカラフトマスの一部)では,最近,体サイズの小型化傾向が観察されている。・アラスカのサケ漁業は,生態系を配慮した持続可能な資源管理を行っていることを理由に,アラスカ州政府を顧客として海洋管理協議会(MSC)より2000年にエコラベルの認証を得た(サケ属5種,16ユニット)。それは2007年に更新されている。・認証を継続するためには,顧客は,毎年,詳細な報告書を提出し,査察を受けねばならない。次回の認証を受けるためには,2009年までに顧客を決め,その準備をしなければならないが,その顧客としてアラスカ水産食料マーケティング協会(Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute)が有力である。
記述: Invited Lectures
資料タイプ: conference presentation
出現コレクション:国際シンポジウム「明日の海と食を守る水産海洋サステナビリティ学」(International Symposium on Sustainability Science on Seafood and Ocean Ecosystem Conservation)


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