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Effects of grain shattering by turbulence on extinction curves in starburst galaxies

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Title: Effects of grain shattering by turbulence on extinction curves in starburst galaxies
Authors: Hirashita, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Nozawa, Takaya Browse this author
Yan, Huirong Browse this author
Kozasa, Takashi Browse this author
Keywords: turbulence
supernovae: general
dust, extinction
H ii regions
galaxies: evolution
galaxies: starburst
Issue Date: May-2010
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume: 404
Issue: 3
Start Page: 1437
End Page: 1448
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16354.x
Abstract: Dust grains can be efficiently accelerated and shattered in a warm ionized medium (WIM) because of the turbulent motion. This effect is enhanced in starburst galaxies, where gas is ionized and turbulence is sustained by massive stars. Moreover, dust production by Type II supernovae (SNe II) can be efficient in starburst galaxies. In this paper, we examine the effect of shattering in a WIM on the dust grains produced by SNe II. We find that, although the grains ejected from SNe II are expected to be biased to large sizes (a≳ 0.1 μ m, where a is the grain radius), because of the shock destruction in supernova remnants the shattering in a WIM is efficient enough in ∼5 Myr to produce small grains if the metallicity is nearly solar or more. The production of small grains by shattering steepens the extinction curve. Thus, the steepening of extinction curves by shattering should always be taken into account for systems in which the metallicity is solar and the starburst age is typically greater than 5 Myr. These conditions may be satisfied not only in nearby starburst galaxies but also in high-redshift (z > 5) quasars.
Rights: The definitive version is available at
Type: article
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 小笹 隆司

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