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タイトル: 潜水調査船用多連式ガスタイト海底湧水採取装置の開発
その他のタイトル: WHATS : a new multi-bottle gas-tight sampler for sea-floor vent fluids
著者: 角皆, 潤 著作を一覧する
土岐, 知弘 著作を一覧する
中山, 典子 著作を一覧する
蒲生, 俊敬 著作を一覧する
加藤, 博之 著作を一覧する
金子, 将 著作を一覧する
キーワード: WHATS
fluid sampler
gas sampler
hydrothermal and cold seep fluid
handling pressured sample
発行日: 2003年 8月 1日
出版者: 日本地球化学会
誌名: 地球化学 = Chikyukagaku (Geochemistry)
巻: 37
号: 3
開始ページ: 101
終了ページ: 109
抄録: We report a newly developed water sampler WHATS (Water and Hydrothermal-fluid Atsuryoku Tight Sampler), for collecting seafloor venting gas-rich fluid (or gas itself) at in situ pressure (Atsuryoku means pressure in Japanese). It consist of four 150 cm3 stainless steel sample cylinders, eight ball valves, a motor-driven arm, a rail, a peristaltic pump, and a flexible Teflon tube connected to a titanium inlet tube. The motor-driven arm on the rail can open one of the four cylinders. Then, by pumping out pure water that has filled the cylinder, we can introduce sample fluid into the cylinder. After completely replacing the pure water with sample fluid, the valves at both ends of the cylinder are tightly closed by moving the motor-driven arm again. At this stage, the next cylinder becomes to be ready for next sampling. We can take maximum 4 different gas-tight samples in series. Whole operation can be arranged inside the submersible cabin. Use of only one motor to operate valves makes the sampler small, light (28 kg in water), and easy to handle. With the sampler, we can collect almost uncontaminated sample because we pump fluid slowly (120 cm3/min.) into the cylinder using the peristaltic pump. To date, the sampler has been used for ca. 40 dives of shinkai 2000 and shinkai 6500 with the success rate of more the 90%. We also evaluate the safety factors in handling highly pressured samples. We conclude that the sampler can be used to the depth of 3,000 m.
資料タイプ: article
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 角皆 潤


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