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ナーナイ語の複文について : 条件形式の使い分けを中心として

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Title: ナーナイ語の複文について : 条件形式の使い分けを中心として
Other Titles: The Complex Sentence in Nanai : with a Special Focus on Conditionals
Authors: 風間, 伸次郎1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Kazama, Shinjiro1
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2011
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科
Journal Title: 北方言語研究
Volume: 1
Start Page: 115
End Page: 138
Abstract: The goals of this paper are two-fold: first, it aims to present the result of the questionnaire survey for Five Levels of Subordination (Tsunoda 2010) in Nanai, focusing on Causal, Conditional, and Counter-expectational. Second, it aims to provide an empirical account for the choice of different forms of Nanai conditionals, by making use of corpus data. Nanai has three major forms that encode conditional relations. One is analytical, and the other two make use of converbs. This paper examines each of these three forms and how they are differentiated. tǝi ǰobom-ba {xoǰɪ-ɪ osɪnɪ / xoǰɪ-pɪ / xoǰɪ-očɪa-sɪ, } that task-ACC finish-PRS.PTCP OSɪNɪ/finish-COND/finish-COND-2SG gǝsǝ čaj-ja omɪ-nda-go. together tea-ACC drink-DIRINT-COHOR ‘When you have finished the work, let’s drink tea together.’ The three conditional constructions cover different semantic areas. So, even though a similar situation like the sentence above may be encoded by each of these constructions, each construction forces a slightly different semantic interpretation. The typical examples of each construction are as follows. osɪnɪ conditional: agdaasɪ osɪnɪ ičəndəruu. ‘If you don’t believe, go and see it.’ -pI conditional: aopɪ=o sənəxəni. ‘After he slept (for a while), he woke up.’ -OčIA conditional: ǰoagoočɪanɪ ənuiči. ‘When summer comes, they will leave that place.’ These constructions and their characteristics are summarized as follows. ・The osɪnɪ conditional: it is a prototypical conditional construction, and it has a strong modal force that is directed to the hearer, formally manifested in the main clause predicate inflection (especially imperative). It occurs exclusively in conversations, and the subject may be either the speaker or the hearer. It is similar in form and function to Japanese nara. ・The -pI conditional: It may denote sequential events performed by the same subject, a characteristic also common in the simultaneous and anterior converbs. The subordinate clause often denote an action that has a certain duration of time. It is somewhat like Japanese to in terms of function. ・The -OčIA conditional: The conditional clause must take a different subject from that of the main clause, and the subject is a circumstantial element of the event denoted in the main clause. This reminds us of the fact that English when may have a function similar to if. In general, conditional expressions are like topicalization on the one hand, and sequential action on the other. This cross-linguistic observation is confirmed in several conditionals in Nanai and Japanese that we have examined in this paper.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北方言語研究 = Northern Language Studies > 第1号

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