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ウイルタの振楽器「ヨードプ」 : 復元工程についてのウイルタ語北方言テキストを中心に

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Title: ウイルタの振楽器「ヨードプ」 : 復元工程についてのウイルタ語北方言テキストを中心に
Other Titles: A Type of Shaken Musical Instruments joodopu of the Uilta: with the Text in Uilta Northern Dialect Representing Process of Restoration
Authors: 山田, 祥子1 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Yamada, Yoshiko1
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2011
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科北方研究教育センター
Journal Title: 北方人文研究
Journal Title(alt): Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities
Volume: 4
Start Page: 25
End Page: 49
Abstract: This article aims to introduce a type of musical instrument of the Uilta (an indigenous people on Sakhalin Island;their traditional language Uilta belongs to the Tungusic languages) called joodopu, which is shaken in each hand to produce sounds. The first half (Chapter 1)of this article describes an introductory study on the instrument joodopu based on literatures and some interviews. Joodopu was described by Magata (1981) and Ikegami (1982, 1997) according to their investigations on the southern group of the Uilta, who lived in Poronai region during the period of Japanese domination. Whereas the northern group of the Uilta seems to have used the common instrument until 1940s,they apparently did not hand it down after that. As a result the name of the instrument is unknown in Northern Dialect. One of the northern Uilta,Ms.Elena Alekseevna Bibikova (born in a camping place Dagi in 1940)did know neither the name nor the details about joodopu. In the beginning of the 1990s she got to remember through the photograph in Ikegami (1982:32;Illust.1-1,Illust.1-2),that she had seen how an Uilta woman danced with the same instruments on a festival in her childhood. After that Ms. Bibikova started to restore it making full use of various traditional arts (e.g. woodwork, cutting patterns of motifs etc.)which she had acquired. Today she is perhaps the only maker of the instrument as one of the Uilta modern handicrafts. The second half (Chapter 2~4) shows a text by Ms. Bibikova in her mother tongue, the Northern Dialect of Uilta,explaining:how she makes joodopu today. The present author first observed the process of her work, and then wrote down her explanation in October 27th 2010 in Nogliki, Sakhalin oblast. In November 3rd 2010, the author and MS. Bibikova together collated the pictures and the text, and in December 3rd 2010 put captions to the pictures.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北方人文研究 = Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities > 第4号 = No.4

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