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Droplet size distribution and evaporation characteristics of fuel spray by a swirl type atomizer

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Title: Droplet size distribution and evaporation characteristics of fuel spray by a swirl type atomizer
Authors: Li, Tie Browse this author
Nishida, Keiya Browse this author
Hiroyasu, Hiroyuki Browse this author
Keywords: Droplet size distribution
Swirl spray
Direct injection gasoline engines
Laser diagnostics
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Fuel
Volume: 90
Issue: 7
Start Page: 2367
End Page: 2376
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.03.011
Abstract: Spray atomization and evaporation play extremely important roles in mixture formation and combustion processes of direct injection (DI) gasoline engines. In this study, the fundamental characteristics of a swirl spray injected into a constant volume vessel are investigated by means of several laser diagnostic techniques including the laser diffraction-based method for droplet size distribution, the laser induced fluorescence-particle image velocimetry for velocity distributions of droplets and spray-induced ambient air flow, and the two-wavelength laser absorption-scattering technique for concentration distributions of liquid and vapor phases in the spray. The results show that the droplets at outer zone of the spray exhibit larger diameter than those at inner zone under both ambient pressures 0.1 and 0.4 MPa. While this can be partially attributed to the effect of spray-induced ambient air flow, the strength of ambient air flow become small when increasing the ambient pressure from 0.1 to 0.4 MPa, indicating the strong influence of spray dynamics on the droplet size distribution. In the evaporating spray, there are higher vapor concentrations near the spray axis than at peripheral zones. At 4.0 ms after start of injection, spray droplets almost completely evaporate under ambient temperature 500 K and pressure 1.0 MPa, but there are significantly amount of fuels with equivalence ratio below 0.5 in the spray. Reduction in ambient pressure promotes the air entrainment and droplet evaporation, but lowered ambient pressure results in more fuel vapor of equivalence ratio > 1.3 along the spray axis.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 李 鉄

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