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Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O_[8+δ] by two-color pump-probe spectroscopy

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Title: Quasiparticle relaxation dynamics in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O_[8+δ] by two-color pump-probe spectroscopy
Authors: Toda, Y. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mertelj, T. Browse this author
Kusar, P. Browse this author
Kurosawa, T. Browse this author
Oda, M. Browse this author
Ido, M. Browse this author
Mihailovic, D. Browse this author
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2011
Publisher: American Physical Society
Journal Title: Physical Review B
Volume: 84
Issue: 17
Start Page: 174516
Publisher DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.174516
Abstract: We investigate the relaxation dynamics of photoexcited quasiparticles (QPs) in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O_[8+δ] (Tc = 78 K). By changing the excitation energy and polarization of the probe beam, two different types of relaxation dynamics, associated with superconducting (SC) and pseudogap (PG) QPs, are quantitatively analyzed independently. From the temperature dependencies, we obtained the SC gap, ΔSC(0) = 24 meV, using BCS-type temperature-dependent gap and the pseudogap, ΔPG = 41 meV. The pump fluence (F) dependence of the SC-dominated transients shows a contribution of the PG component above the saturation condition of the SC component (Fth = 16 μJ/cm2), where Cooper pairs with long-range order are fully destroyed within the photoexcited volume. Assuming a temperature-independent PG decay time, we successfully isolate the native SC transient even above Fth by subtracting the PG response from the original data. In the saturation regime, the exponential decay (recovery of SC) is fast (τSC ∼ 2-3 ps), suggesting an efficient nonequilibrium phonon relaxation in this compound. We also find a flat-top response preceding the exponential decay at F > Fth, which appears as a delay of SC recovery in the original data. This response is visible over the whole temperature range below Tc and its duration increases with increasing F. The response is attributable to a photoinduced SC to non-SC phase transition arising from excitation by the nonthermal QPs and/or high-frequency phonons. The consistently near-constant magnitude of the PG response at the start of the SC state recovery from the non-SC phase suggests a correlation between the SC and PG QPs.
Rights: ©2011 American Physical Society
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 戸田 泰則

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