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Does simile comprehension differ from metaphor comprehension? A functional MRI study

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Title: Does simile comprehension differ from metaphor comprehension? A functional MRI study
Authors: Shibata, Midori Browse this author
Toyomura, Akira Browse this author
Motoyama, Hiroki Browse this author
Itoh, Hiroaki Browse this author
Kawabata, Yasuhiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Abe, Jun-ichi Browse this author
Keywords: Metaphor
Simile
Literal sentence
fMRI
Inferior frontal gyrus
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Brain and Language
Volume: 121
Issue: 3
Start Page: 254
End Page: 260
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2012.03.006
PMID: 22534570
Abstract: Since Aristotle, people have believed that metaphors and similes express the same type of figurative meaning, despite the fact that they are expressed with different sentence patterns. In contrast, recent psycholinguistic models have suggested that metaphors and similes may promote different comprehension processes. In this study, we investigated the neural substrates involved in the comprehension of metaphor and simile using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to evaluate whether simile comprehension differs from metaphor comprehension or not. In the metaphor and simile sentence conditions, higher activation was seen in the left inferior frontal gyrus. This result suggests that the activation in both metaphor and simile conditions indicates similar patterns in the left frontal region. The results also suggest that similes elicit higher levels of activation in the medial frontal region which might be related to inference processes, whereas metaphors elicit more right-sided prefrontal activation which might be related to figurative language comprehension.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/49416
Appears in Collections:文学院・文学研究院 (Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences / Faculty of Humanities and Human Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 柴田 みどり

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