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Coupled control of land use and topography on nitrate-nitrogen dynamics in three adjacent watersheds

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Title: Coupled control of land use and topography on nitrate-nitrogen dynamics in three adjacent watersheds
Authors: Jiang, Rui Browse this author
Woli, Krishna P. Browse this author
Kuramochi, Kanta Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hayakawa, Atsushi Browse this author
Shimizu, Mariko Browse this author
Hatano, Ryusuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Nitrate-N export
Rainfall events
Snowmelt
Subsurface flow
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal Title: Catena
Volume: 97
Start Page: 1
End Page: 11
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2012.04.015
Abstract: To investigate the factors controlling nitrate-nitrogen (NO_[3]^[-]-N) dynamics during snowmelt season and rainfall events, this study was conducted in three adjacent headwater stream watersheds with coupled land use and topography characteristics in eastern Hokkaido, Japan. The agriculture-dominated watershed (AW) had flat topography in agricultural area, the forest-dominated watershed (FW) was characterized by a steep slope in forest area, and the mixed agriculture-forested watershed (AFW) had flat topography in the agricultural area and steep topography in the forest area. Results showed that the timing of NO_[3]^[-]-N export is different between the forested and steep watershed FW and the agricultural and flat watershed AW. The NO_[3]^[-]-N export peaked before discharge peak with quick subsurface flow during snowmelt and rainfall events in the AW, while after discharge peak with slow subsurface flow in the FW. The difference in the timing of NO_[3]^[-]-N export is attributed to the subsurface flow which is regulated by the coupled characteristics of topography and land use. The fast release of NO_[3]^[-]-N in the FW was attributed to the "flushing mechanism", which was driven by the rapid response of the subsurface flow due to the macropores in the forest soil and the steep slope. The AW showed a consistent "prolonged flush" of NO_[3]^[-]-N, where NO_[3]^[-]-N concentrations peaked after the peak of discharge, which might be attributed to the slow occurrence of subsurface flow because of the flat slope and the low hydraulic conductivity of the pasture. In the AFW, the NO_[3]^[-]-N concentration peaked before the discharge peak during the snowmelt season but after the discharge peak during the rainfall events, indicating other factor such as the macropores related to the freeze/thaw cycles replaced of the coupled characteristics of topography and land use controlling the timing of NO[3]^[-]-N export in the mixed watershed.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/50153
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 波多野 隆介

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