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Intensified and attenuated waves in a microbubble Taylor-Couette flow

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Title: Intensified and attenuated waves in a microbubble Taylor-Couette flow
Authors: Watamura, T. Browse this author
Tasaka, Y. Browse this author
Murai, Y. Browse this author
Issue Date: May-2013
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Journal Title: Physics of Fluids
Volume: 25
Issue: 5
Publisher DOI: 10.1063/1.4804392
Abstract: The effect of the presence of microbubbles on a flow state is experimentally investigated in a Taylor-Couette flow with azimuthal waves, in order to examine the interaction mechanism of bubbles and flows that result in drag reduction. The average diameter of the bubbles is 60 mu m, which is smaller than the Kolmogorov length scale, and the maximum void fraction is 1.2x10(-4) at the maximum case. The modifications of the fluid properties, bulk density, effective viscosity, and the extra energy input caused by the addition of microbubbles are expected to have a small effect on modifying flow states. The power of the basic wave propagating in the azimuthal direction is enhanced; its modulation, however, is decreased by adding microbubbles in the flow regime corresponding to modulated Taylor vortex flow. Moreover, the gradient of the azimuthal velocity near the walls, source of the wall shear stress, decreases by 10%. The modified velocity distribution by adding microbubbles is comparable to that obtained with a 20% lower Reynolds number. Microbubbles in the coherent structure of the wavy Taylor vortices are visualized and exhibit a preferential distribution and motion at the crests and troughs of the waviness. The roles of the inhomogeneously distributed microbubbles in wavy vortical structures are discussed in view of our findings. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
Rights: Copyright 2013 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Phys. Fluids 25, 054157 (2013) and may be found at
Type: article
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡村 友昭

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