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Aerodynamic stability of road vehicles in dynamic pitching motion

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Title: Aerodynamic stability of road vehicles in dynamic pitching motion
Authors: Cheng, S.Y. Browse this author
Tsubokura, M. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Okada, Y. Browse this author
Nouzawa, T. Browse this author
Nakashima, T. Browse this author
Doh, D.H. Browse this author
Keywords: LES
Issue Date: Nov-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume: 122
Start Page: 146
End Page: 156
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jweia.2013.06.010
Abstract: The main object of the present study is to investigate numerically the mechanism of aerodynamic damping of pitching oscillation in sedan-type vehicles. The transient numerical solver employed is based on the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. Whilst, the Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE) method was used to realize the vehicle motion during dynamic pitching and fluid flow coupled simulations. Validation of the numerical method was done by comparing the flow structures obtained from the LES to the corresponding flow structures observed in the wind tunnel measurements. Two vehicle models with basic sedan-type automobile shape were created to study the influences of upper body geometry on the aerodynamic pitching stability of sedan-type vehicle. In addition, the credibility of modeling of automotive aerodynamics by simple bluff body models was verified. For the sedan-type models investigated, the trailing vortices that shed from the A-pillar and C-pillar edges were found to produce the opposite tendencies on how they affect the aerodynamic pitching stability of the models. In particular, the vortex shed from the A-pillar edge tended to enhance the pitching oscillation, while the vortex shed from the C-pillar edge tended to suppress it. Hence, the vehicle with rounded A-pillar and angular C-pillar exhibited a higher aerodynamic damping than the vehicle with the opposite A- and C-pillars configurations. The aerodynamic damping mechanism has been proposed based on the results of flow visualization on the phase-averaged flow properties.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 坪倉 誠

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