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Mitochondria-independent induction of Fas-mediated apoptosis by MSSP.

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Title: Mitochondria-independent induction of Fas-mediated apoptosis by MSSP.
Authors: Nomura, Jun Browse this author
Matsumoto, Ken-Ichi Browse this author
Iguchi-Ariga, Sanae M M Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ariga, Hiroyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: MSSP
Issue Date: Nov-2005
Publisher: Spandidos Publications
Journal Title: Oncology reports
Volume: 14
Issue: 5
Start Page: 1305
End Page: 1309
PMID: 16211301
Abstract: Fas-mediated apoptosis has been proposed to play an important role in homeostasis. Fas triggers apoptosis after stimulation by its ligand FasL or the Fas ligand agonist anti-Fas antibody through a mitochondria-dependent or -independent pathway, and MSSP has been identified as a transcription factor that regulates the c-myc gene and was later found to positively or negatively regulate a variety of genes, including alpha-smooth actin, MHC class I, MHC class 2 and the thyrotropin receptor. We further found that expression of the Fas gene was repressed, resulting in abrogation of the Fas-mediated induction of apoptosis both in Mssp-knockout mice and primary thymocytes. MSSP was then found to stimulate promoter activity of the Fas gene by binding to a specific region. In this study, to identify the MSSP-dependent Fas-induced apoptosis pathway, primary fibroblasts from MSSP (+/+) and MSSP (-/-) cells were treated with the combination of interleukin 1-beta and interferon-gamma and expression of the Fas gene was examined. The results showed that the Fas gene was expressed at the same levels in the two cell types. Furthermore, when these cells were treated with the anti-Fas antibody, it was found that cytochrome C was not released in the cytosol and that activations of caspase 8 and caspase 3 occurred in primary fibroblasts from MSSP (+/+) cells but not from MSSP (-/-) cells. These results indicate that Fas-mediated apoptosis induced by MSSP occurs independently of mitochondria.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:薬学研究院 (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 有賀 寛芳

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