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Liprin-alpha/SYD-2 determines the size of dense projections in presynaptic active zones in C. elegans

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タイトル: Liprin-alpha/SYD-2 determines the size of dense projections in presynaptic active zones in C. elegans
著者: Kittelmann, Maike 著作を一覧する
Hegermann, Jan 著作を一覧する
Goncharov, Alexandr 著作を一覧する
Taru, Hidenori 著作を一覧する
Ellisman, Mark H. 著作を一覧する
Richmond, Janet E. 著作を一覧する
Jin, Yishi 著作を一覧する
Eimer, Stefan 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2013年12月 9日
出版者: Rockefeller univ press
誌名: Journal of cell biology
巻: 203
号: 5
開始ページ: 849
終了ページ: 863
出版社 DOI: 10.1083/jcb.201302022
抄録: Synaptic vesicle (SV) release is spatially and temporally regulated by a network of proteins that form the presynaptic active zone (AZ). The hallmark of most AZs is an electron-dense projection (DP) surrounded by SVs. Despite their importance for our understanding of triggered SV release, high-resolution analyses of DP structures are limited. Using electron microscopy, we show that DPs at Caenorhabditis elegans neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) were highly structured, composed of building units forming bays in which SVs are docked to the AZ membrane. Furthermore, larger ribbonlike DPs that were multimers of the NMJ building unit are found at synapses between inter- and motoneurons. We also demonstrate that DP size is determined by the activity of the AZ protein SYD-2/Liprin-alpha. Whereas loss of syd-2 function led to smaller DPs, syd-2 gain-of-function mutants displayed larger ribbonlike DPs through increased recruitment of ELKS-1/ELKS. Therefore, our data suggest that a main role of SYD-2/Liprin-alpha in synaptogenesis is to regulate the polymerization of DPs.
Rights: Kittelmann M. et al., 2013. Originally published in Journal of Cell Biology. doi:10.1083/jcb.201302022.
資料タイプ: article
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 多留 偉功


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