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An efficient construction and application usefulness of rectangle greedy covers

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Title: An efficient construction and application usefulness of rectangle greedy covers
Authors: Ouchi, Koji Browse this author
Nakamura, Atsuyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kudo, Mineichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Greedy cover
Axis-parallel hyperrectangle
Data mining
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Journal Title: Pattern Recognition
Volume: 47
Issue: 3
Start Page: 1459
End Page: 1468
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.patcog.2013.09.008
Abstract: We develop efficient construction methods of a rectangle greedy cover (RGC), and evaluate its usefulness in applications. An RGC is a greedy cover of the set of given positive instances by exclusive axis-parallel hyperrectangles, namely, axis-parallel hyperrectangles that exclude all the given negative instances. An RGC is expected to be a compact classification rule with high readability because the number of its component rectangles is expected to be small and it can be seen as a disjunctive normal form, which is one of the most readable representations for us. We propose two approaches of RGC construction: enumeration approach and direct approach. In enumeration approach, the maximal exclusive positive subsets (MEPSs) are enumerated first and then an ordinary greedy set covering is done using the enumerated MEPSs. We make clear the relation between enumeration of the maximal frequent itemsets and enumeration of the MEPSs, and convert an efficient enumeration algorithm LCMmax [1] of maximal frequent itemsets to an enumeration algorithm LCMmax.R-naive of MEPSs. We also develop a more efficient version of LCMmax.R-naive, or LCMmax.R, by incorporating effective dynamic reordering of instances using excluded frequency and bit-parallel exclusiveness check. In direct approach, each component MEPS of an RGC is searched not from enumerated MEPSs but directly from the dataset that consists of the remaining uncovered positive instances and the whole negative instances. We developed an algorithm called MRF that efficiently finds an maximum-sized MEPS for given positive and negative instances. MRF is made from LCMmax.R by modifying it so as to find a maximum-sized MEPS only. An RGC is constructed by MRF repetition, that is, by repeatedly executing MRF using the remaining uncovered positive instances. According to our experimental evaluation using UCI-repository datasets, LCMmax.R was about 5-11 times faster than LCMmax.Rnaive, which indicates effectiveness of the introduced two improvements. MRF repetition, however, was significantly faster than LCMmax.R, and it was fast enough for practical usage. The experimental results using UCI-repository datasets also showed that accuracy of a nearest rectangle classifier using an RGC is close to that using the hyperrectangles output by the randomized subclass method (RSM) [2] though the number of component rectangles of an RGC is significantly smaller than the number of the hyperrectangles output by RSM. The performance of RGC was also shown to be comparable to that of the six popular classifiers including logistic regression and support vector machine. The disjunctive normal form representation of the classification rules obtained by RGC was demonstrated to be simpler and more readable for us than that obtained by RSM and C4.5. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:情報科学院・情報科学研究院 (Graduate School of Information Science and Technology / Faculty of Information Science and Technology) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 中村 篤祥

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