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コリャーク語におけるS=A交替

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Title: コリャーク語におけるS=A交替
Other Titles: S=A Alternation in Koryak
Authors: 呉人, 惠1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): KUREBITO, Megumi1
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2014
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院文学研究科北方研究教育センター
Journal Title: 北方人文研究
Journal Title(alt): Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities
Volume: 7
Start Page: 25
End Page: 52
Abstract: The present paper aims to give a comprehensive description of the morphological and syntactic features of the Koryak S=A alternation. Investigation reveals several points of interest. (1) The Koryak S=A alternation shows two main patterns. PATTERN 1: the underlying A becomes S marked with the absolutive, while the underlying P is either omitted or demoted to a non-core oblique case, that is, the instrumental, locative/allative, or dative. PATTERN 2: the underlying A becomes S marked with the absolutive, while the underlying P is incorporated into the verb complex by way of noun incorporation or a verbal lexical affix. At the same time, the underlying P sometimes occurs in an oblique case—the instrumental or the locative—outside the verb complex with the incorporated noun. (2) Omission or occurrence of various cases in PATTERN 1 is hierarchically interconnected according to Affectedness, one of the most essential factors in determining transitivity; omission>the instrumental>the locative>the allative>the dative. (3) In PATTERN 2, the incorporated noun functions as a classifier rather than a syntactic argument, which may allow occurrence of the apparently redundant P outside the verbal complex. In other words, the outer P in the non-core oblique case can be regarded as a virtual argument.
Type: bulletin (article)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/55036
Appears in Collections:北方人文研究 = Journal of the Center for Northern Humanities > 第7号 = No.7

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