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Origins of Al-rich chondrules: Clues from a compound Al-rich chondrule in the Dar al Gani 978 carbonaceous chondrite

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Title: Origins of Al-rich chondrules: Clues from a compound Al-rich chondrule in the Dar al Gani 978 carbonaceous chondrite
Authors: Zhang, Ai-Cheng Browse this author
Itoh, Shoichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sakamoto, Naoya Browse this author
Wang, Ru-Cheng Browse this author
Yurimoto, Hisayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume: 130
Start Page: 78
End Page: 92
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.026
Abstract: Aluminum-rich chondrules are one of the most interesting components of primitive chondrites, because they have characteristics that are similar to both Ca, Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) and ferromagnesian chondrules. However, their precursor and formation history remain poorly constrained, especially with respect to their oxygen isotopic distributions. In this study, we report on the petrography, mineralogy, oxygen isotope ratios, and rare-earth-element compositions of a sapphirine-bearing Al-rich chondrule (SARC) in the ungrouped chondrite Dar al Gani (DaG) 978. The SARC has a complex core-mantlerim texture; while both the core and the mantle are mainly composed of Al-rich enstatite and anorthite with minor amounts of mesostasis, these regions are distinguished by the presence of Fe-rich spinel and sapphirine in the core and their absence in the mantle. The rim of the SARC consists mainly of Fe-rich olivine, enstatite, and Fe-Ni metal. Spinel and some olivine grains in the SARC are O-16-rich, with Delta O-17 values down to -20 parts per thousand and -23 parts per thousand, respectively. Enstatite, sapphirine, and most olivine grains have similar Delta O-17 values (similar to -7 parts per thousand), which are lower than those of anorthite and the mesostasis (including augite therein) (Delta O-17: similar to -3 parts per thousand). Mesostasis from both the core and mantle have Group II rare-earth-element (REE) patterns; however, the core mesostasis has higher REE concentrations than the mantle mesostasis. These observations provide a strong indication that the SARC formed by the melting and crystallization of a mixture of materials from Group II CAIs and ferromagnesian chondrules. Both spinel and olivine with O-16-rich features could be of relict origin. The O-16-poor isotopic compositions of most components in Al-rich chondrules can be explained by oxygen isotopic exchange between the melt and O-16-poor nebular gas (Delta O-17: similar to -7 parts per thousand) during melting in chondrule-forming regions; whereas the anorthite and mesostasis could have experienced further oxygen isotopic exchange with a relatively O-16-poor reservoir (Delta O-17: similar to -3 parts per thousand) on the parent body, likely during fluid-assisted thermal metamorphism. During the same thermal metamorphism event, spinel, olivine, some enstatite, and the mesostasis experienced Mg-Fe exchange to various extents.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 圦本 尚義

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