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Seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity during the Little Ice Age in the Caribbean Sea deduced from Mg/Ca and 18O/16O ratios in corals

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タイトル: Seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity during the Little Ice Age in the Caribbean Sea deduced from Mg/Ca and 18O/16O ratios in corals
著者: Watanabe, Tsuyoshi 著作を一覧する
Winter, Amos 著作を一覧する
Oba, Tadamichi 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Little Ice Age
Caribbean
Corals
Trace elements
Oxygen isotopes
Montastrea
発行日: 2001年 3月15日
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Marine Geology
巻: 173
号: 1-4
開始ページ: 21
終了ページ: 35
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00166-3
抄録: The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of coral skeletons reflects a combination of sea surface temperature (SST) and the δ18O of seawater, which is related to sea surface salinity (SSS). In contrast, the magnesium/calcium (Mg/Ca) ratio of a coral skeleton reflects SST independent of salinity. By using the relationships among coral Mg/Ca ratios, coral δ18O, seawater δ18O and SST, it is possible to determine past SST and SSS uniquely. Such determinations were made and calibrated using the Mg/Ca ratio and the δ18O of the modern part of a 3 m long coral core (Montastrea faveolata), collected from the southwest coast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea where both SST and SSS changes seasonally and the seawater δ18O measured at the coral site. Our results yielded three relationships (coral Mg/Ca–SST, δ18Ocoral–δ18Owater-SST, and δ18Owater–SSS). With these calibration equations seasonal changes in SST and SSS during the little ice age (LIA) in the Caribbean Sea were reconstructed. The δ18O and Mg/Ca ratio of the coral skeleton between 1699 and 1703 suggests that the SST during the LIA was approximately 2°C cooler than present with the SSS showing greater seasonal changes as well. These results are in good agreement with climate-based reconstruction from corals based on oxygen isotopes, although the possibility of some uncertainty remain in our estimation including long-term decadal scale trends in climate.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56416
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 渡邊 剛

 

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