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Seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity during the Little Ice Age in the Caribbean Sea deduced from Mg/Ca and 18O/16O ratios in corals

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Title: Seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity during the Little Ice Age in the Caribbean Sea deduced from Mg/Ca and 18O/16O ratios in corals
Authors: Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Winter, Amos Browse this author
Oba, Tadamichi Browse this author
Keywords: Little Ice Age
Caribbean
Corals
Trace elements
Oxygen isotopes
Montastrea
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2001
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Marine Geology
Volume: 173
Issue: 1-4
Start Page: 21
End Page: 35
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00166-3
Abstract: The oxygen isotopic composition (δ18O) of coral skeletons reflects a combination of sea surface temperature (SST) and the δ18O of seawater, which is related to sea surface salinity (SSS). In contrast, the magnesium/calcium (Mg/Ca) ratio of a coral skeleton reflects SST independent of salinity. By using the relationships among coral Mg/Ca ratios, coral δ18O, seawater δ18O and SST, it is possible to determine past SST and SSS uniquely. Such determinations were made and calibrated using the Mg/Ca ratio and the δ18O of the modern part of a 3 m long coral core (Montastrea faveolata), collected from the southwest coast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea where both SST and SSS changes seasonally and the seawater δ18O measured at the coral site. Our results yielded three relationships (coral Mg/Ca–SST, δ18Ocoral–δ18Owater-SST, and δ18Owater–SSS). With these calibration equations seasonal changes in SST and SSS during the little ice age (LIA) in the Caribbean Sea were reconstructed. The δ18O and Mg/Ca ratio of the coral skeleton between 1699 and 1703 suggests that the SST during the LIA was approximately 2°C cooler than present with the SSS showing greater seasonal changes as well. These results are in good agreement with climate-based reconstruction from corals based on oxygen isotopes, although the possibility of some uncertainty remain in our estimation including long-term decadal scale trends in climate.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/56416
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡邊 剛

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