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Optimization of electrolyte concentration and voltage for effective formation of Sn/SnO2 nanoparticles by electrolysis in liquid

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Title: Optimization of electrolyte concentration and voltage for effective formation of Sn/SnO2 nanoparticles by electrolysis in liquid
Authors: Saito, Genki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Azman, Wan Omar Sidiq Bin Wan Mohd Browse this author
Nakasugi, Yuki Browse this author
Akiyama, Tomohiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Sn nanoparticles
Production energy
Electrolysis
Discharge
Direct current
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Advanced Powder Technology
Volume: 25
Issue: 3
Start Page: 1038
End Page: 1042
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.apt.2014.02.003
Abstract: This work investigates the optimum experimental conditions required for the synthesis of Sn nanopartides (Sn-NPs) via surfactant-free direct-current electrolysis using KCl as the electrolyte. Metallic Sn wire was used as a cathode, which was melted by the local concentration of current upon the application of a direct-current voltage. The effect of electrolyte concentration was analyzed by varying the concentration from 0.01 to 1.0 M, under constant electric power of 40W. Results indicated that the applied voltage required for plasma generation increased with a decrease in the electrolyte concentration and the particle size decreased at high applied voltage with low electrolyte concentration; particles with a mean diameter of 258.5 nm formed at 0.05 M. However, coarse Sn6O4(OH)(4) crystals were precipitated at a concentration of 0.01 M. Therefore, the optimum concentration required for the formation of smaller particles was determined to be 0.05 M. Subsequently, the effect of voltage was analyzed by varying the applied voltage from 70 to 190 V. As a result, the effective production energy of 45 W h/g was obtained at voltages ranging from 110 to 130 V.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/57100
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 齊藤 元貴

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