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Two Modes of Regulation of the Fatty Acid Elongase ELOVL6 by the 3-Ketoacyl-CoA Reductase KAR in the Fatty Acid Elongation Cycle

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Title: Two Modes of Regulation of the Fatty Acid Elongase ELOVL6 by the 3-Ketoacyl-CoA Reductase KAR in the Fatty Acid Elongation Cycle
Authors: Naganuma, Tatsuro Browse this author
Kihara, Akio Browse this author
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2014
Publisher: PLOS
Journal Title: PLOS ONE
Volume: 9
Issue: 7
Start Page: e101823
Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101823
Abstract: Fatty acids (FAs) are diverse molecules, and such diversity is important for lipids to exert their functions under several environmental conditions. FA elongation occurs at the endoplasmic reticulum and produces a variety of FA species; the FA elongation cycle consists of four distinct enzyme reactions. For this cycle to be driven efficiently, there must exist coordinated regulation of protein components of the FA elongation machinery. However, such regulation is poorly understood. In the present study, we performed biochemical analyses using the FA elongase ELOVL6 and the 3-ketoacyl-CoA reductase KAR, which catalyze the first and second steps of the FA elongation cycle, respectively. In vitro FA elongation assays using membrane fractions demonstrated that ELOVL6 activity was enhanced similar to 10-fold in the presence of NADPH, although ELOVL6 itself did not require NADPH for its catalysis. On the other hand, KAR does use NADPH as a reductant in its enzyme reaction. Activity of purified ELOVL6 was enhanced by similar to 3-fold in the presence of KAR. This effect was KAR enzyme activity-independent, since it was observed in the absence of NADPH and in the KAR mutant. However, ELOVL6 enzyme activity was further enhanced in a KAR enzyme activity-dependent manner. Therefore, KAR regulates ELOVL6 via two modes. In the first mode, KAR may induce conformational changes in ELOVL6 to become structure that can undergo catalysis. In the second mode, conversion of 3-ketoacyl-CoA to 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA by KAR may facilitate release of the product from the presumed ELOVL6-KAR complex.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/57264
Appears in Collections:薬学研究院 (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 木原 章雄

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