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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第121号 >

留学生の子どもが抱える教育上の困難を考える : 留学生受け入れ推進施策とその環境整備をめぐって

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Title: 留学生の子どもが抱える教育上の困難を考える : 留学生受け入れ推進施策とその環境整備をめぐって
Other Titles: The Educational Situation and Issues of Children of International Students : Promotion of International Education Policies and Support System for Children of International Students
Authors: 青木, 麻衣子1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
パイチャゼ, スヴェトラナ2 Browse this author
遠山, 樹彦3 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Aoki, Maiko1
Paichadze, Svetlana2
Toyama, Tatsuhiko3
Keywords: 留学生政策
International education policy
International students
education for children of international students
Japanese language education
mother tongue education
Issue Date: 26-Dec-2014
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Volume: 121
Start Page: 91
End Page: 106
Abstract: 本稿は,留学生の子どもに焦点を当て,かれらに対する教育の現状と課題とを,外国人登録者数に占める留学生の割合が高い札幌市を事例に検討するものである。これまで,留学生を対象とした日本語教育については,主として大学における教育の一環としてさまざまなプログラムが開発され,すでに普及と検証が積み重ねられてきた。しかし,その子どもに対する教育は,学校教育の範疇であり,日本語指導を必要とする児童生徒という括りで行われてきたため,滞在期間が不確定な親に伴って移動せざるを得ない子どもたちが,教育上,どのような課題を抱えているのかは把握されてはこなかった。本稿は,先行研究の検討,政策文書の分析および小学校での保護者,教員,日本語ボランティアに対する聞き取り調査から,その実態を提示する。
The aim of this paper is to analyze and present the current educational situation and issues of children of international students and researchers in Sapporo, where the number of international students among foreign residents is quite high, and to consider the support system for them under the national policy for increasing the number of international student. While a number of Japanese language programs have been developed and designed for international students, the education for their children have been regarded as the one for foreign children living in Japan collectively. Although the Ministry of Education (MEXT) revised the related registrations and allow schools to have special curricular for students who need the special assistance for Japanese language education as their own necessities, it is still on the way to c omprehend their different needs. This paper examines previous research and educational policies for foreign children in Japan. Furthermore, using data from interviews with parents, teachers and volunteers in a primary school in Sapporo, we present and analyze the reality, problems and challenges that are faced by children of international students in their process of learning at Japanese schools. Particular attention is paid to the problems of language learning and language development of both Japanese and mother tongues with their parents’ recognitions and expectations for their children’s education and their plan of length for staying in Japan. In the final part of this paper, we consider that the international education policy should include more support for enhancing their living and experiences in Japan. It is necessary for them to remain studied or worked longer in Japan. For people who have not decided or are not able to decide the period for staying in Japan yet such as international students and researchers, the support system for their families, especially their children’s education might be one of the important factor whether they still remain in Japan or go back home or to another country. It is also needed to mention for having a corporative system for support these children in local society especially with universities.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第121号

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