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Mechanisms of trichloramine removal with activated carbon: Stoichiometric analysis with isotopically labeled trichloramine and theoretical analysis with a diffusion-reaction model

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タイトル: Mechanisms of trichloramine removal with activated carbon: Stoichiometric analysis with isotopically labeled trichloramine and theoretical analysis with a diffusion-reaction model
著者: Sakuma, Miki 著作を一覧する
Matsushita, Taku 著作を一覧する
Matsui, Yoshihiko 著作を一覧する
Aki, Tomoko 著作を一覧する
Isaka, Masahito 著作を一覧する
Shirasaki, Nobutaka 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Chlorinous odor
Trichloramine
Super powder activated carbon
Drinking water treatment
発行日: 2015年 1月 1日
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Water research
巻: 68
開始ページ: 839
終了ページ: 848
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2014.10.051
抄録: This study investigated the mechanism by which activated carbon removes trichloramine, a byproduct of water treatment that has a strongly offensive chlorinous odor. A stoichiometrical mass balance for 15N before and after activated carbon treatment of laboratory-prepared N-15-labeled trichloramine solutions clearly revealed that the mechanism of trichloramine removal with activated carbon was not adsorption but rather reductive decomposition to nitrogen gas. There was a weak positive correlation between the surface decomposition rate constant of trichloramine and the concentration of basic functional groups on the surface of the carbon particles, the suggestion being that the trichloramine may have been reduced by sulfhydryl groups (SH) on the activated carbon surface. Efficient decomposition of trichloramine was achieved with super powdered activated carbon (SPAC), which was prepared by pulverization of commercially available PAC into very fine particles less than 1 mu m in diameter. SPAC could decompose trichloramine selectively, even when trichloramine and free chlorine were present simultaneously in water, the indication being that the strong disinfection capability of residual free chlorine could be retained even after trichloramine was effectively decomposed. The residual ratio of trichloramine after carbon contact increased somewhat at low water temperatures of 1-5 degrees C. At these low temperatures, biological treatment, the traditional method for control of a major trichloramine precursor (ammonium nitrogen), is inefficient. Even at these low temperatures, SPAC could reduce the trichloramine concentration to an acceptable level. A theoretical analysis with a diffusion-reaction model developed in the present study revealed that the increase in the trichloramine residual with decreasing water temperature was attributable to the temperature dependence of the rate of the reductive reaction rather than to the temperature dependence of the diffusive mass transfer rate.
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/58003
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 松下 拓

 

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