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Removal of iodide from water by chlorination and subsequent adsorption on powdered activated carbon

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Title: Removal of iodide from water by chlorination and subsequent adsorption on powdered activated carbon
Authors: Ikari, Mariya Browse this author
Matsui, Yoshihiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Yuta Browse this author
Matsushita, Taku Browse this author
Shirasaki, Nobutaka Browse this author
Keywords: Iodide
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Water research
Volume: 68
Start Page: 227
End Page: 237
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2014.10.021
PMID: 25462731
Abstract: Chlorine oxidation followed by treatment with activated carbon was studied as a possible method for removing radioactive iodine from water. Chlorination time, chlorine dose, the presence of natural organic matter (NOM), the presence of bromide ion (Br-), and carbon particle size strongly affected iodine removal. Treatment with superfine powdered activated carbon (SPAC) after 10-min oxidation with chlorine (1 mg-Cl-2/L) removed 90% of the iodine in NOM-containing water (dissolved organic carbon concentration, 1.5 mg-C/L). Iodine removal in NOM-containing water increased with increasing chlorine dose up to >0.1 mg-Cl-2/L but decreased at chlorine doses of >1.0 mg-Cl-2/L. At a low chlorine dose, nonadsorbable iodide ion (I-) was oxidized to adsorbable hypoiodous acid (HOI). When the chlorine dose was increased, some of the HOI reacted with NOM to form adsorbable organic iodine (organic-I). Increasing the chlorine dose further did not enhance iodine removal, owing to the formation of nonadsorbable iodate ion (IO3-). Co-existing Br- depressed iodine removal, particularly in NOM-free water, because hypobromous acid (HOBr) formed and catalyzed the oxidation of HOI to However, the effect of Br- was small in the NOM-containing water because organic-I formed instead of SPAC (median particle diameter, 0.62 gm) had a higher equilibrium adsorption capacity for organic-I than did conventional PAC (median diameter, 18.9 mu m), but the capacities of PAC and SPAC for HOI were similar. The reason for the higher equilibrium adsorption capacity for organic-I was that organic-I was adsorbed principally on the exterior of the PAC particles and not inside the PAC particles, as indicated by direct visualization of the solid-phase iodine concentration profiles in PAC particles by field emission electron probe microanalysis. In contrast, HOI was adsorbed evenly throughout the entire PAC particle.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 松井 佳彦

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