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Stress drops for intermediate-depth intraslab earthquakes beneath Hokkaido, northern Japan: Differences between the subducting oceanic crust and mantle events

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Title: Stress drops for intermediate-depth intraslab earthquakes beneath Hokkaido, northern Japan: Differences between the subducting oceanic crust and mantle events
Authors: Kita, Saeko Browse this author
Katsumata, Kei Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: stress drops
intraslab earthquakes
the oceanic crust and mantle
Hokkaido
northern Japan
the subducting Pacific slab
intermediate-depth
Issue Date: 26-Feb-2015
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Geochemistry geophysics geosystems
Volume: 16
Issue: 2
Start Page: 552
End Page: 562
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2014GC005603
Abstract: Spatial variations in the stress drop for 1726 intermediate-depth intraslab earthquakes were examined in the subducting Pacific plate beneath Hokkaido, using precisely relocated hypocenters, the corner frequencies of events, and detailed determined geometry of the upper interface of the Pacific plate. The results show that median stress drop for intraslab earthquakes generally increases with an increase in depth from approximate to 10 to 157 Mpa at depths of 70-300 km. More specifically, median stress drops for events in the oceanic crust decrease (9.9-6.8 MPa) at depths of 70-120 km and increase (6.8-17 MPa) at depths of 120-170 km, whereas median stress drop for events in the oceanic mantle decrease (21.6-14.0 MPa) at depths of 70-170 km, where the geometry of the Pacific plate is well determined. The increase in stress drop with depth in the oceanic crust at depths of 120-170 km, for which several studies have shown an increase in velocity, can be explained by an increase in the velocity and a decrease in the water content due to the phase boundary with dehydration in the oceanic crust. Stress drops for events in the oceanic mantle were larger than those for events in the oceanic crust at depths of 70-120 km. Differences in both the rigidity of the rock types and in the rupture mechanisms for events between the oceanic crust and mantle could be causes for the stress drop differences within a slab.
Rights: Copyright(C)2015 American Geophysical Union
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/59731
Appears in Collections:理学院・理学研究院 (Graduate School of Science / Faculty of Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 勝俣 啓

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