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A negative phase shift of the winter AO/NAO due to the recent Arctic sea-ice reduction in late autumn

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Title: A negative phase shift of the winter AO/NAO due to the recent Arctic sea-ice reduction in late autumn
Authors: Nakamura, Tetsu Browse this author
Yamazaki, Koji Browse this author
Iwamoto, Katsushi Browse this author
Honda, Meiji Browse this author
Miyoshi, Yasunobu Browse this author
Ogawa, Yasunobu Browse this author
Ukita, Jinro Browse this author
Keywords: Arctic sea-ice loss
Arctic Oscillation
long-term changes
severe winter
Issue Date: 28-Apr-2015
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of geophysical research atmospheres
Volume: 120
Issue: 8
Start Page: 3209
End Page: 3227
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022848
Abstract: This paper examines the possible linkage between the recent reduction in Arctic sea-ice extent and the wintertime Arctic Oscillation (AO)/North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). Observational analyses using the ERA interim reanalysis and merged Hadley/Optimum Interpolation Sea Surface Temperature data reveal that a reduced (increased) sea-ice area in November leads to more negative (positive) phases of the AO and NAO in early and late winter, respectively. We simulate the atmospheric response to observed sea-ice anomalies using a high-top atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM for Earth Simulator, AFES version 4.1). The results from the simulation reveal that the recent Arctic sea-ice reduction results in cold winters in mid-latitude continental regions, which are linked to an anomalous circulation pattern similar to the negative phase of AO/NAO with an increased frequency of large negative AO events by a factor of over two. Associated with this negative AO/NAO phase, cold air advection from the Arctic to the mid-latitudes increases. We found that the stationary Rossby wave response to the sea-ice reduction in the Barents Sea region induces this anomalous circulation. We also found a positive feedback mechanism resulting from the anomalous meridional circulation that cools the mid-latitudes and warms the Arctic, which adds an extra heating to the Arctic air column equivalent to about 60% of the direct surface heat release from the sea-ice reduction. The results from this high-top model experiment also suggested a critical role of the stratosphere in deepening the tropospheric annular mode and modulation of the NAO in mid to late winter through stratosphere-troposphere coupling.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/60135
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 中村 哲

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