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Regeneration dynamics of iron and nutrients from bay sediment into bottom water of Funka Bay, Japan

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Title: Regeneration dynamics of iron and nutrients from bay sediment into bottom water of Funka Bay, Japan
Authors: Hioki, Nanako Browse this author
Kuma, Kenshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Morita, Yuichiroh Browse this author
Miura, Daichi Browse this author
Ooki, Atsushi Browse this author
Tanaka, Seiji Browse this author
Onishi, Hiroji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takatsu, Tetsuya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kobayashi, Naoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kamei, Yoshihiko Browse this author
Keywords: Iron cycling
Dissolved oxygen
Humic-like dissolved organic matter
Bay sediment
Funka Bay (Japan)
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Journal of oceanography
Volume: 71
Issue: 6
Start Page: 703
End Page: 714
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s10872-015-0312-6
Abstract: We studied iron remobilization and nutrient regeneration in bottom water of Funka Bay, Japan, bimonthly from August 2010 to December 2011. The bay basin (bottom depth, 92-96 m) is separated from the northwest Pacific Ocean at its mouth by a sill with a depth of 60 m. After a spring phytoplankton bloom during early March-early April, nutrients in bay bottom water tended to accumulate with time until August-September, and to increase gradually with depth during April-October, by the oxidative decomposition of settling particulate organic matter on the bay bottom. In contrast, the process of iron remobilization into bottom water of the bay is remarkably different from nutrient regeneration. The much higher concentrations of dissolved and total dissolvable iron near the bottom and the seasonally variable relationship between dissolved iron concentration and apparent oxygen utilization in bay bottom water likely reflect a balance between dissolved iron input and removal processes within the bay bottom water. The release of soluble Fe(II) from reducing bay sediments might induce the high concentrations of dissolved and total dissolvable iron in deep-bottom waters of Funka Bay and might be one of the most important sources of iron in Funka Bay. The upward transport of iron from the bay bottom to the surface water during the winter vertical mixing may play an important role in the supply of bioavailable iron for phytoplankton growth in the coastal waters.
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 久万 健志

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